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Table 3 Reports of leishmaniasis from Thailand and Myanmar ordered by year of isolation. Where done, identification was performed by sequencing one or more DNA targets. Those identified witha were originally or subsequently reported as “L. siamensis” but later identified to be L. martiniquensis by Pothirat et al. [6]. Those identified withb were originally reported as “L. siamensis” but shown in this study to be very similar to L. orientalis

From: Leishmania (Mundinia) orientalis n. sp. (Trypanosomatidae), a parasite from Thailand responsible for localised cutaneous leishmaniasis

Year Location Age Sex HIV Primary clinical presentation Species identification Reference
1996 Surat Thani, Thailand 3 Female No Visceral leishmaniasis Unknown Thisyakorn et al. (1999) [1]
2005 Nan, Thailand 40 Male No Visceral leishmaniasis Unknown Kongkaew et al. (2007) [35]
2006 Phang-Nga, Thailand 55 Male No Visceral leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Sukmee et al. (2008) [36]
2007 Bangkok, Thailand 66 Male No Visceral leishmaniasis L. infantum Maharom et al. (2008) [2]
2009 Chantaburi, Thailand 37 Male Yes Visceral leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Suankratay et al. (2010) [37]
2010 Trang, Thailand 35 Female Yes Disseminated cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis L. orientalis b Bualert et al. (2012) [7]
2010 Satun, Thailand 7 Female No Visceral leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Osatakul et al. (2014) [38]
2011 Songkhla, Thailand 46 Male Yes Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Chusri et al. (2012) [39]
2011 Trang, Thailand 30 Male Yes Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Chusri et al. (2012) [39]
2011 Lop Buri, Thailand 3 Female No Cutaneous leishmaniasis Unknown Kattipathanapong et al. (2012) [40]
2012 Yangon, Myanmar 22 Female No Asymptomatic L. martiniquensis a Phumee et al. (2013) [41]
2012 Chiang Rai, Thailand 45 Male Yes Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Phumee et al. (2013) [41]
2012 Yangon, Myanmar 34 Male Yes Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Phumee et al. (2013) [41]
2012 Yangon, Myanmar 60 Male No Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis a Noppakun et al. (2014) [42]
2012 Ban Thi, Thailand 52 Male No Visceral leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis Pothirat et al. (2014) [6]
2013 Hang Dong, Thailand 48 Male Yes Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis Chiewchanvit et al. (2015) [33]
2013 Mae Tha, Thailand 38 Male Yes Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis L. martiniquensis Chiewchanvit et al. (2015) [33]
2014 Chiang Klang, Thailand 57 Female No Cutaneous leishmaniasis L. orientalis Present study
2017 Kanchanaburi, Thailand 42 Female Yes Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis L. orientalis b Supsrisunjai et al. (2017) [9]