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Table 2 Arboviruses of livestock isolated/reported in Nigeria 1950–2016

From: Endemic and emerging arboviral diseases of livestock in Nigeria: a review

Virus First report (country) First isolation/report in Nigeria Source Reference
Bluetongue 1905 (South Africa) 1974 Culicoides spp., shrews (Crocidura spp.) [22]
Rift Valley fever virus 1930 (Kenya) 1959 Sheep [45]
West Nile fever virus 1937 (Uganda) 1959 Animals [68]
1973 Humans [69]
African horse sickness 1900 (South Africa) 1971 Horse [107]
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus 1944–1945 (Crimea) 1970 Cattle, goats, hedgehogs, ticks [133]
African swine fever virus 1910 (Kenya) 2001 Pigs [144]
Kotonkan 1967 (Nigeria) 1967 Culicoides spp. [150]
Bovine ephemeral fever virus 1907 (Rhodesia) 1973 Cattle [159]
Wesselsbron virus 1955 (South Africa) 1968 Camel [162]
Schmallenberg virus 2011 (Germany) 2015 Cattle [9]
Akabane virus 1959 (Japan) 2016 Cattle, sheep [10]