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Table 10 Mortality status of P. argentipes to alpha-cypermethrin (0.05%) in the WHO tube test (five replicates for each observation) in Nepal

From: Susceptibility of field-collected Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae) sand flies from Bangladesh and Nepal to different insecticides

District Village Development Committee No. of sand flies exposed in 5 replicates [KD (%)] No. of sand flies dead at 24 h (%)
Exposure time (min) Exposure time (min)
15 30 60 15 30 60
Morang Bhathigachh 111 [23 (20.72)] 108 [84 (77.78)] 109 [106 (97.25)] 100 (89.89) 108 (100) 109 (100)
Sunsari Tanmuna 110 [30 (27.27)] 107 [89 (83.18)] 106 [100 (94.34)] 105 (95.45) 107 (100) 106 (100)
Saptari West Pipara 111 [18 (16.22)] 105 [82 (78.10)] 104 [99 (95.19)] 106 (95.10) 105 (100) 104 (100)
  1. Abbreviation: KD knockdown rate