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Table 11 Mortality status of P. argentipes to deltamethrin (0.05%) in the WHO tube test (five replicates for each observation) in Nepal

From: Susceptibility of field-collected Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae) sand flies from Bangladesh and Nepal to different insecticides

District Village Development Committee No. of sand flies exposed in 5 replicates [KD (%)] No. of sand flies dead at 24 h (%)
Exposure time (min) Exposure time (min)
15 30 60 15 30 60
Morang Bhathigachh 114 [31 (27.19)] 103 [75 (72.82)] 110 [107 (97.27)] 107 (93.86) 99 (95.73) 110 (100)
Sunsari Tanmuna 104 [21 (20.19)] 108 [88 (81.48)] 103 [96 (93.20)] 93 (89.42) 103 (95.37) 103 (100)
Saptari West Pipara 114 [19 (16.67)] 108 [79 (73.15)] 109 [103 (94.50)] 109 (95.48) 108 (100) 109 (100)
  1. Abbreviation: KD knockdown rate