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Table 4 Mortality status of P. argentipes to permethrin (0.75%) in the WHO tube test (six replicates for each observation) in Bangladesh

From: Susceptibility of field-collected Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae) sand flies from Bangladesh and Nepal to different insecticides

Upazila District No. of sand flies exposed in 6 replicates [KD (%)] No. of sand flies dead at 24 h (%)
Exposure time (min) Exposure time (min)
15 30 60 15 30 60
Fulbaria Mymensingh 121 [26 (21.49)] 123 [64 (52.03)] 122 [108 (88.52)] 121 (100) 123 (100) 122 (100)
Madhupur Tangail 126 [28 (22.22)] 125 [65 (52.00)] 120 [103 (85.83)] 126 (100) 125 (100) 120 (100)
Pirgonj Rangpur 125 [30 (24.00)] 122 [62 (50.82)] 120 [105 (87.5)] 125 (100) 122 (100) 120 (100)
Bera Pabna 121 [31 (25.61)] 124 [57 (45.97)] 122 [108 (88.52)] 121 (100) 124 (100) 122 (100)
Terokhada Khulna 122 [28 (22.95)] 121 [58 (47.93)] 124 [105 (84.68)] 122 (100) 121 (100) 124 (100)
Godagari Rajshahi 123 [30 (24.39)] 120 [63 (52.50)] 120 [106 (88.33)] 123 (100) 120 (100) 120 (100)
  1. Abbreviation: KD knockdown rate