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Table 9 Susceptibility status of P. argentipes to different insecticides in the WHO tube test (six replicates for each observation) for 15, 30 and 60 minutes exposure in Bangladesh. Values without parentheses indicate observation at 15 minutes, those in parentheses - at 30 minutes and those in square brackets - at 60 minutes

From: Susceptibility of field-collected Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae) sand flies from Bangladesh and Nepal to different insecticides

Insecticide District Mymensingh Tangail Rangpur Pabna Khulna Rajshahi
Upazila Fulbaria Madhupur Pirganj Bera Terokhada Godagari
Alpha-cypermethrin (0.05%) No. of exposed 120 (122) [125] 121 (125) [128] 122 (120) [122] 124 (121) [123] 123 (124) [126] 126 (124) [122]
% mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
% control mortality 0 (0) [5.56] 0 (6.67) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [7.32] 0 (7.5) [0]
Corrected mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
Status S S S S S S
Deltamethrin (0.05%) No. of exposed 120 (121) [120] 124 (121) [121] 120 (126) [120] 126 (122) [120] 121 (122) [126] 124 (123) [127]
% mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
% control mortality 0 (0) [5.56] 0 (6.67) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [7.32] 0 (7.5) [0]
Corrected mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
Status S S S S S S
Lambda-cyhalothrin (0.05%) No. of exposed 120 (122) [120] 126 (123) [122] 126 (121) [124] 122 (124) [120] 121 (120) [122] 123 (126) [126]
% mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
% control mortality 0 (0) [5.56] 0 (6.67) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [7.32] 0 (7.5) [0]
Corrected mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
Status S S S S S S
Permethrin (0.75%) No. of exposed 121(123) [122] 126 (125) [120] 125 (122) [120] 121 (124) [122] 122 (121) [124] 123 (120) [120]
% mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
% control mortality 0 (0) [5.56] 0 (6.67) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [7.32] 0 (7.5) [0]
Corrected mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
Status S S S S S S
Malathion (5%) No. of exposed 122 (124) [124] 122 (120) [120] 120 (120) [121] 126 (122) [123] 125 (126) [122] 121 (126) [124]
% mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
% control mortality 0 (6.45) [0] 0 (0) [7.5] 0 (0) [6.67] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0]
Corrected mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
Status S S S S S S
Bendiocarb (0.1%) No. of exposed 120 (122) [123] 122 (125) [122] 122 (122) [120] 126 (120) [123] 124 (120) [123] 125 (126) [120]
% mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
% control mortality 0 (6.45) [0] 0 (0) [7.5] 0 (0) [6.67] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0] 0 (0) [0]
Corrected mortality 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100] 100 (100) [100]
Status S S S S S S
  1. Abbreviation: S susceptible