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Table 1 Parameters used to estimate the economic losses attributable to T. saginata in Catalonia

From: Epidemiology and economic impact of bovine cysticercosis and taeniosis caused by Taenia saginata in northeastern Spain (Catalonia)

  Parameter Value Source
Costs for the cattle owner due to condemnation and freezing of carcasses No. of types of infection
Generalised 4 Personal communication (Catalan Public Health Agency)
Localised 144
No. of positive animals per age group
8–12 months 44 Personal communication (Agriculture Department)
12–24 months 82
> 24 months 22
Average carcass weight (kg) per age (months) category annually
2012   [25]
8–12 232.9
12–24 274.9
> 24 294.1
2013  
8–12 227.0
12–24 273.7
> 24 294.9
2014  
8–12 230.1
12–24 278.1
> 24 295.2
2015  
8–12 225.7
12–24 283.3
> 24 293.0
Average weekly carcass price per age category (€/100kg) annuallya
2012   [26]
8–12 Normal (μ = 369.1, σ = 4.6)
12–24 Normal (μ = 385.7, σ = 9.5)
> 24 Normal (μ = 224.4, σ = 18.9)
2013  
8–12 Normal (μ = 369.1, σ = 4.6)
12–24 Normal (μ = 396.7, σ = 5.0)
> 24 Normal (μ = 227.1, σ = 26.5)
2014  
8–12 Normal (μ = 369.1, σ = 4.6)
12–24 Normal (μ = 387.2, σ = 17.6)
> 24 Normal (μ = 220.4, σ = 25.7)
2015  
8–12 Normal (μ = 369.1, σ = 4.6)
12–24 Normal (μ = 371.8, σ = 5.7)
> 24 Normal (μ = 215.6, σ = 21.6)
Costs of carcass disposal (€/kg) 0.198 Personal communication (rendering company)
Loss of value of a frozen carcass (%) Uniform (min = 48, max = 60) Expert’s opinion (five slaughterhouses)
Costs for the official veterinary authorities due to the implementation of meat inspection associated with bovine cysticercosis Time taken by meat inspection official auxiliaries in scenario 1
Seconds spent per animal to detect bovine cysticercosis through routine inspection (i.e. animals coming from farms where positive animals have never been detected) Uniform (min = 20, max = 55) Expert’s opinion (official veterinary teams)
Time taken by meat inspection official auxiliaries in scenario 2
Seconds spent per animal to detect bovine cysticercosis through detailed inspection (i.e. animals coming from farms where positive animals have been detected at some point in time) Uniform (min = 110, max = 115) Expert’s opinion (official veterinary teams)
Time taken by official veterinarians in scenario 2
Seconds spent per animal during supervision/inspection of cattle coming from farms where positive animals have been detected at some point in time Uniform (min = 60, max = 120) Expert’s opinion (official veterinary teams)
Time taken by official veterinarians in scenario 3
Hours spent per animal when a positive animal is detected during post-mortem inspection PERT (min = 0.5, mode = 1.75, max = 3) Expert’s opinion (official veterinary teams)
Cost of service of meat inspection official auxiliaries (€/hour) 19 Personal communication (Catalan Public Health Agency)
Cost of service of official veterinarians (€/hour) 37 Personal communication (Catalan Public Health Agency)
Cost of anatomo-pathological diagnosis (€/unit) (2012–2015)
2012 31 Personal communication (Veterinary Pathology Diagnostic Service, Autonomous University of Barcelona)
2013 31
2014 33.1
2015 34.7
No. of suspect samples sent for anatomo-pathological examination (2012–2015)
2012 31 SESC [24]
2013 18
2014 15
2015 14
Costs associated with human taeniosis No. of cases with a taeniosis diagnosis in primary care during the period 2013–2016 based on ICD-codes 217 [22]
No. of medical consultations per patient
To primary care 1 Expert’s opinion (medical specialist)
To a specialist 1 Expert’s opinion (medical specialist)
Therapeutical options used (%)
Niclosamide 60 Unpublished data
Praziquantel 40 Unpublished data
Cost of medical consultation (€/unit)
Primary care consultation 40 [28]
Specialist consultation 137 Personal communication (Hospital Clínic de Barcelona)
Diagnostic tests used (%)
Microscopy: concentration techniques for intestinal parasites, helminth eggs and cystic forms 50 See text
Macroscopy: morphological identification of parasites 50 See text
Cost of diagnostic test (€/unit)
Microscopy: concentration techniques for intestinal parasites, helminth eggs and cystic forms 15.3 [28]
Macroscopy: morphological identification of parasites 9.8 [28]
Cost of medical treatment (€/unit)
Treatment (niclosamide) 5 Personal communication (AEMPS)
Treatment (praziquantel) 79.3 Personal communication (AEMPS)
No. of stool samples tested (per patient) 2 Expert’s opinion (medical specialist)
  1. aCarcass price of bovines aged 8–12 months was available only for 2015