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Table 1 References regarding the physiological functions of glycosaminoglycans in animal cells and tissues

From: Leishmaniasis and glycosaminoglycans: a future therapeutic strategy?

Physiological function

Heparin

Heparan sulfate

Chondroitin sulfate

Dermatan sulfate

Hyaluronic acid

Keratan sulfate

Cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions

Thakar et al. [54]

Milstone et al. [58]

Lewandowska et al. [63]

Underhill et al. [67]

Funderburgh et al. [72]

Immune modulation

Almeida et al. [50] Borsig et al. [51]

Almeida et al. [50]; Thakar et al. [54]

Borsig et al. [51]

Nadafi et al. [64]

Horton et al. [68]; Termeer et al. [69]

Leroux et al. [73]

Host-pathogen interactions

Angeletti et al. [52]

Takemae et al. [55]; Ndonwi et al. [56]

Rogerson et al. [59]; Ayres Pereira et al. [60]

Ndonwi et al. [56]; Fortune et al. [65]

Beeson et al. [70] Skinsnes et al. [71]

Anticoagulant activities

McLean et al. [53]

Shworak et al. [57]

Mourão et al. [61]; Glauser et al. [62]

Ofosu et al. [66]