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Table 1 References regarding the physiological functions of glycosaminoglycans in animal cells and tissues

From: Leishmaniasis and glycosaminoglycans: a future therapeutic strategy?

Physiological function Heparin Heparan sulfate Chondroitin sulfate Dermatan sulfate Hyaluronic acid Keratan sulfate
Cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions Thakar et al. [54] Milstone et al. [58] Lewandowska et al. [63] Underhill et al. [67] Funderburgh et al. [72]
Immune modulation Almeida et al. [50] Borsig et al. [51] Almeida et al. [50]; Thakar et al. [54] Borsig et al. [51] Nadafi et al. [64] Horton et al. [68]; Termeer et al. [69] Leroux et al. [73]
Host-pathogen interactions Angeletti et al. [52] Takemae et al. [55]; Ndonwi et al. [56] Rogerson et al. [59]; Ayres Pereira et al. [60] Ndonwi et al. [56]; Fortune et al. [65] Beeson et al. [70] Skinsnes et al. [71]
Anticoagulant activities McLean et al. [53] Shworak et al. [57] Mourão et al. [61]; Glauser et al. [62] Ofosu et al. [66]