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Table 3 Distinctive features of the genus Asaia and other acetic acid bacteria genera [35, 42] applied for identification of Asaia within Anopheles species

From: Isolation and identification of Asaia sp. in Anopheles spp. mosquitoes collected from Iranian malaria settings: steps toward applying paratransgenic tools against malaria

Feature Asaia Acetobacter Gluconobacter
Assimilation of ammonium sulfateon glucose medium + +w -
Acetic acid production on ethanol-CaCO3 agar - or +w + +
Acid production from
 D-mannitol - or + - or +w +
 D-sorbitol - or + - +
 Dulcitol + - -
 Glycerol + - +
 Ethanol - or +w + +
 Maltose + - -
  1. Key: w, weak reaction; +, ability to use substrate; -, inability to use substrate