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Table 1 Baseline demographics and characteristics (ITT population)

From: A randomized, controlled field study to assess the efficacy and safety of lotilaner (Credelio™) in controlling ticks in client-owned cats in Europe

Parameter   Lotilaner (n = 112) Fipronil (n = 57) Z-value/ χ2-valuea P-value
Age (years) Arithmetic mean ± SD 4.15 ± 3.38 4.42 ± 3.64 Z = 0.29 0.7704
Minimum–Maximum 0.20–17.0 0.50–14.0
Sex Male 60 (54%) 33 (58%) Z = 0.53 0.6266
Female 52 (46%) 24 (42%)
Body weight (kg) Arithmetic mean ± SD 4.1 ± 1.1 4.1 ± 1.0 Z = 0.55 0.5854
Minimum–Maximum 1.5–7.4 1.5–5.8
Breed Purebred 21 (19%) 10 (18%) χ2 = 0.66, df = 4 0.9562
Crossbred 91 (81%) 47 (82%)
Hair length Short 81 (72%) 41 (72%) Z = 0.36 0.7208
Medium 13 (12%) 13 (23%)
Long 18 (16%) 3 (5%)
Husbandry Countryside 84 (75%) 42 (74%) Z = 0.18 1.0000
Urban 28 (25%) 15 (26%)
Time spent Mostly indoors 19 (17%) 5 (9%) Z = 1.44 0.1697
Mostly outdoors 93 (83%) 52 (91%)
Day 0 tick count (live attached) Number 454 215 Z = 0.07 0.9411
Geometric mean 3.60 3.52
  1. Abbreviations: n, number of primary cats; SD, standard deviation
  2. aZ of a Mann-Whitney test; χ2 of a Kruskal-Wallis test (of treatment vs breed)