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Table 3 In vitro activity of purified chicory extracts (cv. Spadona) against parasitic stages of gastrointestinal nematodes of livestock

From: Antiparasitic activity of chicory (Cichorium intybus) and its natural bioactive compounds in livestock: a review

Nematode species Life-stage Incubation period with extract (h) EC50 μg/ml Reference
Ostertagia ostertagi Adults 24 80 [102]
Cooperia oncophora Adults 24 150 [106]
Ascaris suum L3/L4 16/12 81/116 [107]
Oesophagostomum dentatum Adults/L4 24/36 305/372 [107]
  1. Abbreviation: EC50, effective concentration of purified chicory extracts able to inhibit the motility in 50% of exposed nematodes