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Table 2 Mean microclimate values (95% confidence intervals) across season and land class. Letters represent significant differences as measured by pairwise comparison using Tukey’s multiple comparison of means, adjusting for significance with the Holm-Bonferroni method

From: Carry-over effects of urban larval environments on the transmission potential of dengue-2 virus

Microclimate variables Summer Autumn
Rural Suburban Urban Rural Suburban Urban
Minimum temperature (°C) 21.73 (20.93–22.53)a 22.00 (21.20–22.80)a 22.67 (21.87–23.47)a 11.03 (10.23–11.83)b 12.23 (11.43–13.03)bc 13.41 (12.61–14.21)c
Mean temperature (°C) 27.58 (27.13–28.02)a 27.38 (26.94–27.83)a 27.45 (27.01–27.90)a 19.45 (19.01–19.89)b 19.55 (19.10–19.99)b 19.95 (19.51–20.40)b
Maximum temperature (°C) 31.53 (30.76–32.30)a 30.86 (30.09–31.63)a 31.40 (30.63–32.17)a 27.57 (26.80–28.34)b 26.58 (25.81–27.35)b 26.85 (26.08–27.62)b
Daily temperature range (°C) 9.81 (8.51–11.11)a 8.86 (7.56–10.16)a 8.73 (7.43–10.03)a 16.54 (15.24–17.84)b 14.35 (13.05–15.65)bc 13.44 (12.14–14.74)c
Minimum relative humidity (%) 73.49 (69.39–77.59)ab 76.29 (72.19–80.39)a 67.40 (63.30–71.50)b 47.68 (43.58–51.78)c 48.84 (44.74–52.94)c 44.14 (40.04–48.24)c
Mean relative humidity (%) 89.01 (86.23–91.780)ab 90.38 (87.61–93.16)a 84.43 (81.66–87.20)b 75.39 (72.61–78.16)c 75.57 (72.79–78.34)c 69.01 (66.23–71.78)d
Maximum relative humidity (%) 99.95 (97.14–100.00)a 99.98 (97.17–100.00)a 98.38 (95.58–100.00)a 99.36 (96.56–100.00)b 98.93 (96.12–100.00)b 91.77 (88.97–94.58)c
Daily humidity range (%) 26.46 (22.07–30.85)a 23.69 (19.30–28.08)a 30.98 (26.59–35.37)a 51.69 (47.29–56.08)b 50.09 (45.70–54.49)b 47.63 (43.24–52.02)b