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Table 1 Prevalence of helminths in red foxes in different regions of Poland (estimated using SCT)

From: Prevalence of intestinal helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in central Europe (Poland): a significant zoonotic threat

Species Prevalence of parasites (%) (95% CI)
Overall (all regions)
(n = 473)
South-East
(n = 150)
North
(n = 114)
North-East
(n = 143)
South-West
(n = 66)
Alaria alata 61.5
(57.1–65.8)
24.7a
(18.5–32.1)
96.5b
(91.3–98.6)
93.7b
(88.5–96.7)
15.2a
(8.4–25.7)
Echinococcus multilocularis 25.6
(21.9–29.7)
39.3a
(31.9–47.3)
0.9b
(0.2–4.8)
42.7a
(34.9–50.9)
0b
(0–5.5)
Taenia spp. 42.5
(38.1–47.0)
38.0
(30.6–46.0)
50.0
(41.0–59.0)
44.8
(36.9–52.9)
34.8
(24.5–46.9)
Mesocestoides spp. 84.1
(80.6–87.2)
92.0a
(86.5–95.4)
81.6b
(73.5–87.6)
81.1b
(73.9–86.7)
77.3b
(65.8–85.7)
Toxocara/Toxascaris 49.5
(45.0–54.0)
44.7
(37.0–52.7)
43.0
(34.3–52.2)
59.4
(51.3–67.1)
50.0
(38.3–61.7)
Hookworms 67.9
(63.5–71.9)
64.7
(56.7–71.9)
70.2
(61.2–77.8)
69.9
(62.0–76.8)
66.7
(54.7–76.9)
Trichuris vulpis 2.3
(1.3–4.1)
1.3
(0.4–4.7)
4.4
(1.9–9.9)
2.8
(1.1–7.0)
na
Overall (all parasites) 98.9
(97.6–99.6)
98.7
(95.3–99.6)
99.1
(95.2–99.8)
99.3
(96.1–99.9)
98.4
(91.6–99.6)
  1. a,bDifferent letters in superscript indicate statistically significant differences in the prevalence of the parasites among regions (P < 0.05)
  2. Abbreviation: na not applicable, CI confidence interval