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Table 2 Intensity of helminth infections in red foxes in different regions of Poland estimated using SCT

From: Prevalence of intestinal helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in central Europe (Poland): a significant zoonotic threat

Species Overall (all regions)
(n = 473)
South-East
(n = 150)
North
(n = 114)
North-East
(n = 143)
South-West
(n = 66)
Alaria alata Mean 91.3 12.2a 94.4b 59.7c 15.1a,b
Range 1–2540 1–110 1–2540 2–986 1–47
CV (%) 205.4 177.9 268.1 250.5 94.3
Echinococcus multilocularis Mean 4473.8 7215.0 9.0 1850.8
Range 1–260,000 1–260,000 1–26,737
CV (%) 584.9 511.4 280.8
Taenia spp. Mean 10.3 11.7 7.1 11.2 12.3
Range 1–200 1–200 1–42 1–98 1–56
CV (%) 181.9 230.4 139.7 154.7 122.6
Mesocestoides spp. Mean 112.9 138.2 87.4 103.7 110.0
Range 1–2880 1–1500 1–1048 1–2880 1–840
CV (%) 204.2 167.9 168.5 294.2 156.8
Toxocara/Toxascaris Mean 5.0 5.2 3.2 5.5 5.8
Range 1–40 1–40 1–22 1–35 1–28
CV (%) 117.0 111.7 103.7 128.2 124.7
Hookworms Mean 9.7 8.4a 14.3b 7.0a 10.2a,b
Range 1–103 1–103 1–49 1–39 1–52
CV (%) 145.0 185.2 124.9 125.5 112.3
Trichuris vulpis Mean 1.2 1.5 1 1.3 na
Range 1–2 1–2 1–2 na
CV (%) 34.2 47.1 40.0 na
  1. a,b,cDifferent letters in superscript indicate statistically significant differences in parasite intensity among regions (P < 0.05)
  2. Abbreviation: na not applicable, CV coefficient of variation