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Table 1 Results of generalized linear mixed models (GLMM, logit-link, binomial assumption), and subsequent pairwise comparisons between seasons, respectively, for Haemaphysalis sp. “microcebi”, Lemurpediculus sp., Trombiculidae gen. sp. and Laelaptidae gen. sp.

From: Ectoparasite communities of small-bodied Malagasy primates: seasonal and socioecological influences on tick, mite and lice infestation of Microcebus murinus and M. ravelobensis in northwestern Madagascar

Factor Estimate SE df P-value Effect on parasite
Haemaphysalis sp. “microcebi”
 Species -0.537 0.210 1 0.011* M. murinus > M. ravelobensis
 Sex 0.278 0.212 1 0.191 Male = female
 Season    4   
  EDS vs LRS 1.503 0.738   0.148  
  LDS vs LRS 2.715 0.724   <0.001* Late dry season > late rainy season
  ERS vs LRS -0.007 1.233   1.000  
  LDS vs EDS 1.212 0.224   <0.001* Late dry season > early dry season
  ERS vs EDS -1.509 1.025   0.412  
  ERS vs LDS -2.721 1.012   0.029* Late dry season > early rainy season
Lemurpediculus sp.
 Species 1.446 0.219 1 <0.001* M. ravelobensis > M. murinus
 Sex -0.594 0.382 1 0.120 Male = female
 Season    5   
  LDS15 vs EDS15 3.439 0.294   <0.001* Late dry season 15 > early dry season 15
  ERS15 vs EDS15 4.963 0.434   <0.001* Early rainy season 15 > early dry season 15
  LRS16 vs EDS15 2.897 0.353   <0.001* Late rainy season 16 > early dry season 15
  EDS16 vs EDS15 3.84 0.358   <0.001* Early dry season 16 > early dry season 15
  ERS15 vs LDS15 1.524 0.331   <0.001* Early rainy season 15 > late dry season 15
  LRS16 vs LDS15 -0.542 0.254   0.195  
  EDS16 vs LDS15 0.401 0.253   0.489  
  LRS16 vs ERS15 -2.067 0.398   <0.001* Early rainy season 15 > late rainy season 16
  EDS16 vs ERS15 -1.123 0.395   0.033* Early rainy season 15 > early dry season 16
  EDS16 vs LRS16 0.943 0.313   0.020* Early dry season 16 > late rainy season 16
Reproductive status males -1.204 0.277 1 <0.001* Testis large > testis small
Trombiculidae gen. sp.
 Species -1.375 0.484 1 0.005* M. murinus > M. ravelobensis
 Seasonality 3.177 0.655 1 <0.001* Dry season > rainy season
 Year 2.264 0.380 1 <0.001* 2016 > 2015
 Sex -0.259 0.480 1 0.590 Male = female
Laelaptidae gen. sp.
 Species -2.592 0.808 1 0.001* M. murinus > M. ravelobensis
 Sex 0.932 0.621 1 0.133 Male = female
  1. Abbreviations: EDS early dry season, LDS late dry season, ERS early rainy season, LRS late rainy season, EDS15 early dry season 2015, LDS15 late dry season 2015, ERS15 early rainy season 2015, LRS16 late rainy season 2016, EDS16 early dry season 2016, Estimate difference between categories at the logit scale, SE standard error of the corresponding estimate based on the GLMM fit
  2. *P < 0.05