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Table 2 Descriptive measurements (in mm) of Haemaphysalis sp. “microcebi” and 12 further haemaphysaline species currently described in Madagascar. Developmental stages missing in this table have not yet been described

From: Ectoparasite communities of small-bodied Malagasy primates: seasonal and socioecological influences on tick, mite and lice infestation of Microcebus murinus and M. ravelobensis in northwestern Madagascar

  Sample size Total length (min-max) Scutum Basis capituli Hypostome mean length Dentition Distinctive morphological feature
Mean length Mean width Mean length Mean width
Haemaphysalis sp. “microcebi”
 Larva 20 0.58–1.17 0.19 0.32 0.05 0.10 0.07 2/2 All coxae with triangular spur, sometimes indistinct or missing in larvae
 Nymph 113 0.97–1.81 0.34 0.50 0.07 0.16 0.11 2/2
 Adult ♂ 2 1.75–1.76 1.29 0.83 0.12 0.23 0.15 3/3
H. lemuris [34]
 Nymph 1 1.45 0.33 0.53 0.07 0.17 nd nd Coxae each with a short, broadly rounded spur; basal margin of palpi displaced at a 65° angle
 Adult ♂ 4 1.84–2.05 nd nd 0.13 0.29 0.17 3/3
 Adult ♀ 3 2.86–4 0.86 1 0.15 0.38 nd nd
H. simplex [34]
 Nymph 23 1–2 nd nd nd nd nd 3/3 Coxae each with a short spur (less pronounced in nymphs); basal margin of palpi straight or slightly convex
 Adult ♂ 110 1.98–2.64 nd nd 0.11 0.25 0.17 4/4
 Adult ♀ 17 2.3–2.6 0.92 0.92 0.15 0.38 nd 5/5
H. elongata [34]
 Adult ♂ 37 2.10–3.45 nd nd 0.15 0.28 0.17 3/3 All coxae and trochanter with long spurs
 Adult ♀ 21 2.64 1.04 0.96 nd nd nd 3/3
H. subelongata [34]
 Larva 43 nd nd nd nd nd nd nd  
 Nymph 526 nd nd nd nd nd nd 2/2  
 Adult ♂ 143 2.64–3.30 nd nd 0.15 0.15 0.21 4/4 All coxae and trochanter with long narrow spurs; palpal lateral margin deeply concave
 Adult ♀ 17 nd 4 4.4 0.24 0.57 nd 4/4
H. theilerae [34]
 Larva 4 1.32 0.26 0.30 nd nd nd nd  
 Nymph 12 1.32 nd nd nd nd nd 2/2  
 Adult ♂ 10 2.0–2.3 nd nd 0.10 0.33 0.25 3/3 Palpi narrow, longer than greatest width; posterior groove in all coxae
 Adult ♀ 1 3.86 1.02 1.02 0.45 0.13 nd 3/3
H. obtusa [34]
 Nymph 2 1.75 nd nd nd nd nd 2/2  
 Adult ♂ 52 1.62–1.86 nd nd 0.15 0.25 0.12 4/4 Coxae each with a short pointed spur; palpal widest protrusion at mid-length
 Adult ♀ 42 1.79 0.75 0.80 0.10 0.33 nd 4/4
H. tiptoni [34]
 Adult ♂ 59 2.10–2.40 nd nd 0.10 0.22 0.14 3/3 Coxa I with a needle-like spur
 Adult ♀ 21 2.3–2.7 0.92 0.79 0.13 0.35 nd 3/3  
H. hoodi madagascariensis [34]
 Adult ♂ 1 2 nd nd nd nd nd 4/4 Coxae each with a rounded spine; palpal widest protrusion basally
 Adult ♀ 3 7.5 1.4 0.8 nd nd nd 4/4
H. fossae [34]
 Adult ♂ 17 1.8–2.1 nd nd 0.18 0.30 0.16 4/4 Palpi 4.5 times as wide as long
 Adult ♀ 1 2.31 0.88 0.75 0.15 0.39 nd nd
H. anoplos
 Adult ♀ 2 3.2 0.74 0.74 0.16 0.22 0.2 4/4 All coxae without spurs
H. eupleres
 Adult ♀ 1 nd 1.1 0.9 0.22 0.43 nd 4/4 Palpi with spurs and groove
H. nesomys
 Adult ♂ 1 1.8 1.58 1.03 0.14 0.18 0.1 3/3 to 4/4 Hypostome with irregular denticles
  1. Abbreviation: nd not determined