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Fig 5 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig 5

From: Mutual interactions of the apicomplexan parasites Toxoplasma gondii and Eimeria tenella with cultured poultry macrophages

Fig 5

Macrophage mRNA relative cytokine expression by infection group. Normalization of data was performed on housekeeping genes GAPDH and G6PDH. The mRNA transcriptional levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IFN-γ, iNOS were determined by RT-qPCR. Displayed x-fold change values were calculated based on negative control (NC) group replicates (n = 6). Statistical comparison was performed between the CI group and other groups (*P < 0.05). Abbreviations: TH, high-dose infection with T. gondii; TL, low-dose infection with T. gondii; EH, high-dose infection with E. tenella; EL, low-dose infection with E. tenella; CI, co-infected group

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