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Table 1 Checklist of Culicoides records in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, FYROM and Bulgaria

From: An update of the Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) checklist for the Balkans

Culicoides species Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina Serbia Montenegro Kosovo FYROM Bulgaria
Pres Ref Pres Ref Pres Ref Pres Ref Pres Ref Pres Ref Pres Ref
Avaritia Fox    × × × ×  
Culicoides chiopterus (Meigen, 1830)          ×      
Culicoides dewulfi Goetghebuer, 1936              × [49]
Culicoides obsoletus/Culicoides scoticus ×   × [43]a ×   ×   ×   ×   ×  
Culicoides obsoletus (Meigen, 1818) * [46, 47]    ×   ×       * [49]
Culicoides scoticus Downes & Kettle, 1952 * [46, 47]      ×       * [49]
Beltranmyia Vargas    × ×    
Culicoides circumscriptus Kieffer, 1918 * [42, 46, 47] × [42] ×   ×       * [49]
Culicoides manchuriensis Tokunaga, 1941      ×          
Culicoides salinarius Kieffer, 1914    ×   ×         * [49]
Culicoides Latreille   × × × × ×  
Culicoides deltus Edwards, 1939              * [49]
Culicoides fagineus/Culicoides subfagineus ×   ×       ×     ×  
Culicoides fagineus Edwards, 1939 * [46]    ×         * [49]
Culicoides subfagineus Delécolle & Ortega, 1998      ×          
Culicoides flavipulicaris Dzhafarov, 1964      ×       ×   × [49]
Culicoides grisescens Edwards, 1939 (s.l.)    ×         ×   × [49]
Culicoides impunctatus Goetghebuer, 1920              * [49]
Culicoides lupicaris/Culicoides pulicaris      ×          
Culicoides lupicaris Downes & Kettle, 1952    ×       ×     ×  
Culicoides pulicaris (Linnaeus, 1758) * [46] ×   ×     ×   ×   × [49]
Culicoides newsteadi Austen, 1921 × [47] ×   ×   ×   ×   ×   × [49]
Culicoides punctatus (Meigen, 1804) × [46] ×   ×   ×   ×   ×   × [49]
Monoculicoides Khalaf    ×   × ×  
Culicoides nubeculosus (Meigen, 1830)      ×     ×     * [49]
Culicoides parroti Kieffer, 1922              * [49]
Culicoides puncticollis (Becker, 1903)      ×         × [49]
Culicoides riethi Kieffer, 1914      ×       ×   * [49]
Culicoides stigma (Meigen, 1818)              * [49]
Oecacta Poey    × ×   ×  
Culicoides brunnicans Edwards, 1939      ×          
Culicoides dzhafarovi Remm, 1967    * [42]           
Culicoides longipennis Khalaf, 1957 * [42] × [42] ×       ×   * [49]
Culicoides picturatus Kremer & Deduit, 1961    ×   ×   ×        
Culicoides saevanicus Dzhafarov, 1960 * [46]             
Culicoides vexans (Staeger, 1839)              * [49]
Pontoculicoides Remm        
Culicoides saevus Kieffer, 1922              * [49]
Culicoides sejfadinei Dzhafarov, 1958    * [42]          * [49]
Culicoides tauricus Gutsevich, 1959              * [49]
Remmia Glukhova        
Culicoides schultzei (Enderlein, 1908)              * [49]
Sensiculicoides Shevchenko    × ×   ×  
Culicoides alazanicus Dzhafarov, 1961    * [42]b ×   ×       * [50]
Culicoides begueti Clastrier, 1957    ×     ×        
Culicoides cataneii Clastrier, 1957/Culicoides gejgelensis Dzhafarov, 1964 × [42] × [42] ×   ×     ×   * [49]
Culicoides clastrieri Callot, Kremer & Deduit, 1962    * [42]           
Culicoides duddingstoni Kettle & Lawson, 1955      ×          
Culicoides festivipennis Kieffer, 1914 ×   × [42]c ×   ×     ×   * [49]
Culicoides griseidorsum Kieffer, 1918 ×   ×   ×   ×        
Culicoides haranti Rioux, Descous & Pech, 1959 * [46]             
Culicoides indistinctus Khalaf, 1961              ×  
Culicoides jumineri Callot & Kremer, 1969/Culicoides kurensis Dzhafarov, 1960 ×   ×           * [49]
Culicoides kibunensis Tokunaga, 1937 * [42]d * [42]d ×   ×     ×    
Culicoides maritimus Kieffer, 1924 * [47]             
Culicoides odiatus Austen, 1921      ×         * [49]
Culicoides pictipennis (Staeger, 1839)        ×       * [49]
Culicoides shaklawensis Khalaf, 1957            ×   * [49]
Culicoides simulator Edwards, 1939      ×         * [49]
Culicoides submaritimus Dzhafarov, 1962    ×            
Culicoides vidourlensis Callot, Kremer, Molet & Bach, 1968 * [42] * [42]           
Silvaticulicoides Glukhova   × × × × ×  
Culicoides achrayi Kettle & Lawson, 1955      ×   ×        
Culicoides fascipennis (Staeger, 1839) × [46] ×       ×   ×   * [49]
Culicoides ostroushkoae Glukhova, 1989              * [49]
Culicoides pallidicornis Kieffer, 1919      ×         * [49]
Culicoides subfasciipennis Kieffer, 1919    ×   ×         * [49]
Wirthomyia Vargas   × × ×    
Culicoides minutissimus (Zetterstedt, 1855)    ×   ×   ×        
Culicoides reconditus Campbell & Pelham-Clinton, 1960              * [49]
Miscellaneous unplaced species        
Culicoides trivittatus Vimmer, 1932 ×              
Culicoides paolae Boorman, 1996 * [46]             
  1. Abbreviations: Pres, presence; Ref, reference; FYROM, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  2. aReported as Culicoides obsoletus but identified only by wing morphology
  3. bReported as Culicoides musilator Kremer & Callot, 1961
  4. cReported as Culicoides odibilis Austen, 1921
  5. dReported as Culicoides cubitalis Edwards, 1939
  6. Key: ×, the first record of certain species or subgenera in the country; ×, species recorded in previous studies and the present study; *, species recorded by previous authors
  7. The subgenera and species are classified and presented in accordance with Borkent [65], Mathieu et al. [55], Ramilo et al. [64] and Szadziewski et al. [66]. C. indistinctus is presented in Borkent [65] as a synonym of C. odiatus. C. submaritimus is presented in Borkent [65] as a synonym of C. maritimus. Bobeva et al. [49] summed up previously published literature for Bulgaria, citing: Zilahi [51], Remm [52] and Nedelchev [53]