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Table 1 Molecular detection of tick-borne microorganisms in spleen and blood of free-living ungulates. Values represent numbers of positive/examined samples and infection rates (%)

From: Diverse tick-borne microorganisms identified in free-living ungulates in Slovakia

  Capreolus capreolus Cervus elaphus Dama dama Ovis musimon Sus scrofa χ2-value P-valuea
 Total infection (spleen and/or blood)
A. phagocytophilum 13/14 (92.9) 8/8 (100) 21/22 (95.4) 8/9 (88.9) 11/39 (28.2) 44.244 <0.001
Theileria sp. 13/14 (92.9) 8/8 (100) 20/22 (90.9)    0.767 ns
Mixed infection 11/14 (78.6) 8/8 (100) 20/22 (90.9)    2.546 ns
 Spleen
A. phagocytophilum 12/14 (85.7) 8/8 (100) 20/22 (90.9) 6/9 (66.7) 10/39 (25.6) 37.553 <0.001
Theileria sp. 12/14 (85.7) 3/8 (37.5) 18/22 (81.8)    7.403 <0.05
Mixed infection 11/14 (78.6) 3/8 (37.5) 17/22 (77.3)    5.108 ns
 Bloodb
A. phagocytophilum 6/12 (50.0) 8/8 (100) 16/17 (94.1) 4/7 (57.1) 6/31 (19.3) 21.836 <0.001
Theileria sp. 8/12 (66.7) 8/8 (100) 15/17 (88.2)    4.384 ns
Mixed infection 6/12 (50) 8/8 (100) 14/17 (82.3)    7.281 <0.05
 Spleen and bloodb
A. phagocytophilum 6/12 (50.0) 8/8 (100) 16/17 (94.1) 3/7 (42.8) 5/31 (16.1) 35.597 <0.001
Theileria sp. 8/12 (66.7) 3/8 (37.5) 15/17 (88.2)    6.813 <0.05
Mixed infection 4/12 (33.3) 3/8 (37.5) 11/17 (64.7)    3.279 ns
  1. Abbreviation: ns, not significant
  2. aPrevalence of A. phagocytopilum was compared between all examined ungulate species whereas the prevalence of Theileria sp. was compared between the three cervid species
  3. bBlood was not available from all animals