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Table 3 Intestinal parasitic infections of schoolchildren in Dolakha and Ramechhap districts of Nepal between March and May 2015

From: Intestinal parasite infections and associated risk factors among schoolchildren in Dolakha and Ramechhap districts, Nepal: a cross-sectional study

Parasite Prevalence (N = 708) Sex χ 2 P Age group χ 2 P District χ 2 P
Male (n = 339) Female (n = 369) 8–12 years (n = 108) 13–16 years (n = 600) Dolakha (n = 555) Ramechhap (n = 153)
N (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Nematodes
Ascaris lumbricoides 185 (26.1) 87 (25.7) 98 (26.6) 0.07 0.79 21 (19.4) 164 (27.3) 2.95 0.09 154 (27.8) 31 (20.3) 3.48 0.06
Trichuris trichiura 219 (30.9) 109 (32.2) 110 (29.8) 0.45 0.50 27 (25.0) 192 (32.0) 2.10 0.15 176 (31.7) 43 (28.1) 0.73 0.39
 Hookworm 214 (30.2) 99 (29.2) 115 (31.2) 0.32 0.57 27 (25.0) 187 (31.2) 1.65 0.12 182 (32.8) 32 (20.9) 8.02 0.01
Strongyloides stercoralis 2 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 0.01 0.95 0 (0) 2 (0.3) 0.36 0.55 2 (0.4) 0 (0) 0.55 0.46
Enterobius vermicularis 2 (0.4) 1 (0.4) 1 (0.4) 0.01 0.96 0 (0) 2 (0.5) 0.39 0.53 2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0.62 0.43
Cestodes
Hymenolepis nana 195 (27.5) 90 (26.6) 105 (28.5) 0.32 0.57 24 (22.2) 171 (28.5) 1.81 0.18 164 (29.6) 31 (20.3) 5.18 0.02
Total faecal-oral transmitted helminths 250 (35.3) 120 (35.4) 130 (35.2) 0.01 0.96 31 (28.7) 219 (36.5) 2.44 0.12 203 (36.6) 47 (30.7) 1.80 0.18
Intestinal protozoa
Giardia intestinalis 216 (30.5) 101 (29.8) 115 (31.2) 0.16 0.69 22 (20.4) 194 (32.3) 6.18 0.01 176 (31.7) 40 (26.1) 1.75 0.19
Total intestinal protozoa 216 (30.5) 101 (29.8) 115 (31.2) 0.16 0.69 22 (20.4) 194 (32.3) 6.18 0.01 176 (31.7) 40 (26.1) 1.75 0.19
  1. P-values were obtained by χ2 test; values in boldface indicate statistically significant differences