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Table 1 Association between the two parasites from cattle and sheep submissions

From: Spatial patterns of Fasciola hepatica and Calicophoron daubneyi infections in ruminants in Ireland and modelling of C. daubneyi infection

Year χ 2 OR 95% CI
2010 5.697* 1.123 1.021–1.235
2011 67.591*** 1.931 1.647–2.265
2012 41.394*** 1.572 1.368–1.805
2013 41.119*** 1.645 1.411–1.917
2014 20.478*** 2.159 1.535–3.035
2015 38.395*** 2.967 2.071–4.250
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001
  2. Abbreviation: CI confidence interval
  3. Chi-square analysis and odds ratio (OR) refer to individual years