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Table 4 Comparisons of average numbers of normal and abnormal mf (degeneration and melanisation) of B. malayi from three parts [the midgut, haemocoel (haemolymph) and thoracic musculature] of Ae. togoi (AT), An. lesteri (AL) and An. paraliae (AP) at different time points post-infection (PI)

From: Immune responses of Aedes togoi, Anopheles paraliae and Anopheles lesteri against nocturnally subperiodic Brugia malayi microfilariae during migration from the midgut to the site of development

Time PI Strain Total no. of mfa No. of normal mf H-valueb P-valuec No. of abnormal mf H-valueb P-valuec
5 min AT 132 131 0.539   1 nd  
AL 194 194 0
AP 161 161 0
1 h AT 270 270 0.03 AP vs AT, P = 0.033 0 nd  
AL 256 256 0
AP 100 100 0
2 h AT 97 97 0.074   0 nd  
AL 244 243 1
AP 105 105 0
3 h AT 186 182 0.285   4 0.178  
AL 338 338 0
AP 182 178 4
4 h AT 188 187 0.18   1 0.162  
AL 199 198 1
AP 130 124 6
5 h AT 222 220 0.364   2 0.461  
AL 313 309 4
AP 131 123 8
6 h AT 88 87 0.571   1 0.182  
AL 311 306 5
AP 111 102 9
12 h AT 72 69 0.146   3 0.005 AT vs AP, P = 0.005
AL 173 165 8
AP 113 82 31
18 h AT 19 19 0.02 AT vs AL, P = 0.021 0 0.006 AT vs AP, P = 0.005
AL 298 282 16
AP 254 215 39
24 h AT 24 22 0.017 AT vs AL, P = 0.013 2 0.002 AT vs AP, P = 0.01
AL 158 143 15
AP 132 64 68
48 h AT 72 57 0.092   15 0.165  
AL 38 21 17
AP 44 11 33
72 h AT 74 24 0.043 AP vs AL, P = 0.04 50 0.52  
AL 92 64 28
AP 39 10 29
  1. aDissected from five infected mosquitoes per time point
  2. bKruskal-Wallis test
  3. cDunn’s test
  4. Abbreviation: nd not done