 
Sucrose

Amygdalin

Esculin

Mandelonitrile

Esculetin


Males

Median (days)

19

20

18

5

21^{b}

Mean (days) ± SEM

17 ± 1

17 ± 1

15 ± 1

7 ± 1^{a}

22 ± 1^{b}

Mean reduction (%)
 
0

12

59

29

Females

Median

15

14

13

12

15

Mean ± SEM

15 ± 1

13 ± 1^{c}

13 ± 1^{d}

10 ± 1^{e}

15 ± 1

Mean reduction (%)
 
13

13

33

0

 Values are expressed in days ± standard error of the mean (SEM). An asterisk indicates statistical difference (Paired ttest), comparing control and experimental groups ^{a}P < 0.0001 (twotailed), t = 5.651 df = 59; ^{b}P < 0.0001, t = 4.378 df = 39; ^{c}P < 0.0001, t = 5.390 df = 79; ^{d}P < 0.0001, t = 12.47, df = 79; and ^{e}P < 0.0001, t = 8.922, df = 79