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Table 2 Tick burden of the different stages of I. ricinus and I. hexagonus. Tick burden is expressed as the mean number of ticks per host individual. Superscript letters indicate significant differences between species (P < 0.05), where estimates increase from a-c, as described in Methods

From: Role of mustelids in the life-cycle of ixodid ticks and transmission cycles of four tick-borne pathogens

Species Meles meles Mustela putorius Martes martes Martes foina
Tick species/stage Total Mean Total Mean Total Mean Total Mean
I. ricinus larvae 1 0.01a 1 0.00ab 366 6.91b 4 0.05a
I. ricinus nymphs 2 0.02ab 6 0.02ab 67 1.26b 3 0.04a
I. ricinus males 0 0.00 0 0.00 9 0.17 11 0.14
I. ricinus females 16 0.13ab 19 0.05a 87 1.64ab 50 0.66b
I. hexagonus larvae 4 0.03a 761 1.98c 507 9.57bc 75 0.99ab
I. hexagonus nymphs 105 0.85a 607 1.58b 90 1.70a 69 0.91a
I. hexagonus males 0 0.00 18 0.05 1 0.02 1 0.01
I. hexagonus females 43 0.35b 315 0.82c 11 0.21a 14 0.18a