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Table 3 Presence of tick-borne pathogens in mustelid tissues. DNA lysates from mustelid liver (L), spleen (S) and ear (E) biopsies were tested by qPCR for tick-borne pathogens. Number of positive animals and infection rates of each pathogen are shown

From: Role of mustelids in the life-cycle of ixodid ticks and transmission cycles of four tick-borne pathogens

Species Meles meles Mustela putorius Martes martes Martes foina
Common name European badger European polecat Pine marten Stone marten
Animals (n) 114 556 51 68
Liver, spleen, ear (n) 113 (L), 11 (S), 4 (E) 556 (L), 4 (S) 50 (L), 50 (S), 26 (E) 67 (L), 26 (S)a, 21 (E)
B. burgdorferi (s.l.) (n: %) 1: 0.9% (L) 1: 0.2% (L) 2: 3.9% (S) 2: 2.9% (E)
B. miyamotoi (n: %) 0: 0.0% 0: 0.0% 0: 0.0% 0: 0.0%
N. mikurensis (n: %) 0: 0.0% 1: 0.2% (L) 2: 3.9% (S, E) 1: 1.5% (L)
A. phagocytophilum (n: %) 2: 1.8% (L, S) 27: 4.9% (L)b 11: 22% (L, S, E) 1: 1.5% (L, S, E)
  1. aTwo samples were identified as B. afzelii by conventional PCR followed by sequencing
  2. bIsolates from three individuals were identified as ecotype I by conventional PCR followed by sequencing. All other Anaplasma and Borrelia-positive samples could not be typed further