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Table 3 Hydatid cyst anatomical location within age range and Fasciola hepatica co-infection in E. granulosus (s.s.)-infected animals

From: Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cyst location is modified by Fasciola hepatica infection in cattle

FH-EG co-infection Host age range Lungs only n (%) Liver only n (%) Both organs n (%) χ 2 P
Absent ≤ 4 years 17 (32.69) 14 (26.92) 21 (40.38) 0.6903 0.7081
> 4 years 10 (37.04) 5 (18.52) 12 (44.44)
Totala 27 (34.18) 19 (24.05) 33 (41.77)
Present ≤ 4 years 24 (55.81) 7 (16.28) 12 (27.91) 6.209 0.0448*
> 4 years 22 (43.14) 3 (5.88) 26 (50.98)
Totala 46 (48.94) 10 (10.64) 38 (40.43)
Total ≤ 4 years 41 (43.16) 21 (22.11) 33 (34.74) 5.674 0.0586
> 4 years 32 (41.03) 8 (10.26) 38 (48.72)
Total 73 (42.20) 29 (16.76) 71 (41.04)
  1. *Statistically significant difference at P < 0.05
  2. aStatistically significant association of cyst location and co-infection (χ2 = 6.841, P = 0.0327)
  3. Abbreviations: EG E. granulosus (s.s.), FH Fasciola hepatica