Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Association between S. haematobium egg counts and microhaematuria

From: Urogenital schistosomiasis elimination in Zanzibar: accuracy of urine filtration and haematuria reagent strips for diagnosing light intensity Schistosoma haematobium infections

Variable type Variable name n OR 95% CI
Children aged 9–12 years 39,207   
Outcome S. haematobium egg-positive    
Explanatory Microhaematuria-positive   86.6 75.6–99.1
 Trace   42.8 35.0–52.3
 +   66.8 53.4–83.2
 ++   129.6 104.2–161.2
 +++   188.8 146.5–243.3
Boys   1.9 1.67–2.17
Outcome Microhaematuria-positive    
Explanatory S. haematobium egg-positive   85.7 74.9–98.1
 1-5 eggs   45 37.6–53.9
 6-10 eggs   96.1 72.8–126.9
 11-49 eggs   208.7 166.0–262.5
 50+ eggs   604.2 414.5–880.8
Boys   0.83 0.74–0.93
Adults aged 20–55 years 18,155   
Outcome S. haematobium egg-positive    
Explanatory Microhaematuria-positive   29.6 23.6–37.2
 Trace   19.3 13.7–27.1
 +   21.6 15.3–27.1
 ++   34.6 25.3–47.3
 +++   50.2 36.4–69.3
Men   2.5 2.0–3.1
Outcome Microhaematuria-positive    
Explanatory S. haematobium egg-positive   29.5 23.6–36.8
 1–5 eggs   19.9 15.0–26.3
 6–10 eggs   42.3 24.2–74.0
 11–49 eggs   50.6 32.0–79.9
 50+ eggs   129.1 60.6–274.8
Men   0.5 0.44–0.55
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio; 95% CI 95% confidence interval