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Table 3 Parasitic nematodes of marine mammals and birds that do not show population genetic structure

From: The population genetics of parasitic nematodes of wild animals

Species Sampled non-definitive hosts Sampled definitive hosts Regions sampled Genetic marker(s) Reference
Anisakis pegreffii Squid (Todarodes spp., Tadaropsis eblanae), teleosts (families Bramidae, Carangidae, Clupeidae, Congridae, Emmelycthidae, Engraulidae, Gadidae, Gempylidae, Lophiidae, Merlucciidae, Myctophidae, Ophidiidae, Scombridae, Scorpaenidae, Sparidae, Trachichtyidae, Trichiuridae, Xiphiidae) Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris), sperm whale (Physeter microcephalus), delphinid dolphins Mediterranean, North-West Atlantic, Pacific off Falkland Islands, Madeira, New Zealand and South Africa 32 isozymes, ITS, mtDNA, RAPD [99,100,101, 201,202,203,204,205,206]
Anisakis simplex (sensu stricto) Squid (Tadaropsis eblanae, Todarodes sagittus, Illex coindettii), teleosts (families Carangidae, Clupeidae, Engraulidae, Gadidae, Merlucciidae, Pleuronectidae, Salmonidae, Scomberesocidae, Scombridae, Trichiuridae) Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas), harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), longfinned pilot whale (Globicephala melas), delphinid dolphins North Sea, Norwegian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Baltic Sea, Atlantic, North-West Pacific, off Japan and Madeira 32 isozymes, ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2, mtDNA, RAPD [99,100,101, 202,203,204,205,206,207,208,209]
Anisakis simplex C Teleosts (families Gadidae, Gempylidae, Myctophidae, Trachichtyidae) Strap-toothed whale (Mesoplodon layardii), dolphins (Pseudorca crassidens, Globicephala melas) Atlantic, Tasman Sea, North-West Pacific, off South Africa and New Zealand 24 isozymes, ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2, mtDNA, RAPD [100, 101, 206]
Anisakis paggiae   Dolphins (Delphinus delphis, Globicephala melas, Tursiops truncatus), pygmy sperm whales (Kogia breviceps, K. sima) Atlantic off Spain, off South Africa and USA 19 isozymes [100]
Anisakis brevispiculata   Pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) Off Spain and South Africa 22 isozymes [210]
Anisakis physeteris Teleosts (families Carangidae, Gadidae, Scombridae) Sperm whale (Physeter microcephalus) Mediterranean Sea, off Madeira 21 isozymes, ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2 [101, 210, 211]
Anisakis typica Teleosts (families Carangidae, Coryphaenidae, Merlucciidae, Trichiuridae, Scombridae) Delphinid dolphins, harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus), La Plata dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei) Off Florida, Madeira, Somalia and Brazil, Mediterranean Sea 20 isozymes, ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2 [99, 101, 202]
Anisakis ziphidarum Teleosts (families Carangidae, Scombridae, Trichiuridae) Strap-toothed whale (Mesoplodon layardii) and Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris) Off Madeira 22 isozymes, ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2 [101, 212]
Anisakis nascettii Black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo) and chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) Beaked whales (Mesoplodon spp.) Off Madeira, Spain, New Zealand and South Africa ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2 mtDNA [101, 213,214,215]
Pseudoterranova decipiens A Teleosts (families Gadidae, Pleuronectidae, Scopthalmidae) Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) North-East Atlantic 9 isozymes [216]
Pseudoterranova decipiens B Teleosts (Cottidae, Gadidae, Lotidae, Pleuronectidae) Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) North Atlantic 9 isozymes [216]
Pseudoterranova decipiens C American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides) Bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus) North Atlantic 9 isozymes [216]
Contracaecum spp. Topminnows (Poeciliopsis spp.) and the cichlid Cichlasoma beani   Off Arroyo Aguajita (Mexico) 17 isozymes [217]
Contracaecum osculatum A   Bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), North Atlantic 17 isozymes [218]
Contracaecum osculatum B   Bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harp seal (Phoca groenlandica), harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) North Atlantic 17 isozymes [218]
Contracaecum osculatum C   Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) North-East Atlantic 17 isozymes [218]
Contracaecum osculatum D Teleosts (families Channichthyidae, Nototheniidae) Weddel seal (Leptonychotes weddellii) Antarctic Southern Ocean 24 isozymes, mtDNA [219, 220]
Contracaecum osculatum E Teleosts (families Channichthyidae, Nototheniidae) Weddel seal (Leptonychotes weddellii) Antarctic Southern Ocean 24 isozymes, mtDNA [219, 220]
Contracaecum radiatum Crocodile icefishes (Chionodraco hamatus and Cryodraco antarcticus) Weddel seal (Leptonychotes weddellii) Antarctic Southern Ocean 24 isozymes [221]
Contracaecum ogmorhini   Fur seals (Arctocephalus spp.) Off Australia, Argentina and South Africa 18 isozymes, ITS1, ITS2, mtDNA [222, 223]
Contracaecum margolisi   Caliphornia seal lion (Zalophus californianus) Pacific off Canada 18 isozymes, ITS1, ITS2, mtDNA [222, 223]
Contracaecum rudolphii A   Cormorants (Phalacrocorax spp.) Atlantic off Spain, off Poland and Italy 20 isozymes, ITS1, ITS2, mtDNA [224, 225]
Contracaecum rudolphii B   Continental great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) Off Italy and Poland 20 isozymes, ITS1, ITS2, mtDNA [224, 225]
Contracaecum septentrionale   Continental great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) Off Iceland and Norway 20 isozymes, mtDNA [225]