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Table 2 Bartonella spp. clinico-epidemiological studies involving cats in Europe

From: Bartonella infections in cats and dogs including zoonotic aspects

Country (area, year) Total no. of animals studied (lifestyle) Percentage of positive animals Confirmed Bartonella spp. and type using molecular methods Reference
Serology (method or antigen used)a Blood PCR Blood culture
Albania (Tirana, 2014) 146 (client-owned) nr 0.7 nr B. henselae [182]
Cyprus (2017) 174 (stray and client-owned) nr 10.9 nr B. henselae [183]
Greece (Crete, Mykonos, Skopelos, Athens, 2017) 148 (stray) 58.8 4.7 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [184]
Greece (Thessaly, Macedonia, 2018) 100 (client-owned) nr 8.5 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae, B. koehlerae [178]
Czech Republic (Prague, 2003) 61 (stray, client-owned and shelter) nr nr 8.0 B. henselae type II [185]
Denmark (2002) 93 (stray and client-owned) 45.6 nr 22.6 B. henselae types I and II [186]
France (Nancy, 1997) 94 (stray) nr nr 53 B. henselae types I and II, B. clarridgeiae [187]
France (Paris, 2001) 436 (client-owned) 41.1 nr 16.5 B. henselae types I and II, B. clarridgeiae [188]
France (Lyon, 2004) 99 (client-owned) nr nr 8.1 B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [189]
Germany (Freiburg, 1997) 100 (client-owned) nr nr 13 B. henselae [190]
Germany (southern and northern, 1999) 713 (stray and client-owned) 1 nr nr nr [191]
Germany (Berlin, 2001) 193 (client-owned and stray) nr nr 20 B. henselae types I and II, B. clarridgeiae [192]
Germany (Hannover and others, 2011) 507 (nr) 68.7 (ELISA) nr 2.2 B. henselae [193]
Germany (north-east, 2012) 256 (stray and client-owned) 37.1; 18.8 (B. quintana) 0 nr na [194]
Germany (southern, 2017) 479 (nr) nr 2.5 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [195]
Italy (Tuscany, 2002) 427 (client-owned and shelter) 16.0 4.0 0 B. henselae [196]
Italy (northern, 2002) 248 (nr) nr nr 9.7 B. henselae [197]
Italy (northern, 2004) 1585 (stray) 39.0 nr 2.0 B. henselae types I and II, B. clarridgeiae [198]
Italy (Sassari, 2007) 79 (stray and client-owned) 21.5 nr nr na [199]
Italy (Sardinia, 2009) 55 (nr) 10.9 5.5 nr B. henselae [73]
Italy (southern, 2010) 85 (client-owned) nr 83.5 nr B. henselae [148]
Italy (Sicily, 2012) 182 (stray and client-owned) 57.1 nr nr na [200]
Italy (Pisa, 2012) 234 (client-owned) 33.3 11.1 nr B. henselae types I and II [201]
Italy (northern, 2013) 1340 (stray) 23.1 nr 17.0 B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [202]
Italy (northern, 2016) 82 (stray) 30.4 nr nr na [203]
Italy (southern, 2016) 42 (nr) 54.8 38.1 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [204]
Italy (Aeolian Islands, 2017) 330 (client-owned) nr 3.9 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [205]
Ireland (Dublin area, 2010) 121 (client-owned) 26.5 (ELISA) 5.2 nr B. henselae type II, B. clarridgeiae [206]
Netherlands (1997) 163 (stray and client-owned) 51.8 (ELISA) nr 22.0 B. henselae [207]
Norway (2002) 100 (stray and client-owned) 0 nr 0 na [63]
Poland (Varsaw, 2007) 137 (nr) 45.0 10.2 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [208]
Portugal (Lisbon, Evora, 2009) 51 (client-owned, shelter and stray) 64.9 67.7 nr B. henselae [209]
Portugal (1995) 14 (nr) 14.3 (B. quintana); 6.7 nr nr na [210]
Portugal (2014) 649 (stray and client-owned) nr 2.9 nr Bartonella spp. [211]
Spain (Barcelona, Tarragona, Mallorca, 2005) 115 (client-owned) 29.6 7.0 nr B. henselae [212]
Spain (Barcelona, Tarragona, Mallorca, 2006) 168 (client-owned) 71.4 17.0 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [64]
Spain (Barcelona, 2008) 100 (client-owned) nr 1 nr B. clarridgeiae [213]
Spain (Madrid, 2012) 680 (client-owned and stray) 24.7 0.3 nr B. henselae [127]
Spain (Rioja, Catalonia, 2013) 147 (stray and client-owned) nr 32 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [214]
Spain (multiple locations, 2015) 86 (client-owned) 50 nr nr B. henselae [215]
Spain (Zaragoza, 2016) 47 (stray and shelter) nr 38.29 nr B. henselae [216]
Spain (Catalonia, 2016) 116 (shelter) 35.3 (ELISA) 22.4 nr B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae [217]
Scotland (2011) 52 (client-owned and stray) 15.4 (ELISA) 5.8 nr B. henselae [218]
Sweden (different locations, 2002) 292 (nr) 0 (B. quintana); 25 (B. elizabethae); 1 (B. henselae) nr nr na [219]
Sweden (Stockholm, 2003) 91 (client-owned) nr nr 2.2 B. henselae type II [220]
Switzerland (Tessin, northern, 1997) 728 (client-owned and shelter) 8.3 nr nr na [150]
UK (Bristol, 2002) 360 (nr) nr nr 9.4 B. henselae types I and II [221]
UK (2000) 148 (stray and client-owned) 41.2 (ELISA) nr nr na [72]
  1. aTested by IFA for B. henselae antigen unless another method or antigen is indicated
  2. Abbreviations: ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, IFA indirect immunofluorescence assay, na not applicable, nr not reported