Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Summary of main clinico-epidemiological studies carried out in cats in continents other than Europe

From: Bartonella infections in cats and dogs including zoonotic aspects

Continent Area or country Bartonella spp. seroprevalence (%) PCR/Culture prevalence (%) Confirmed Bartonella spp. and type Reference
Africa Eastern 11 nf nf [229]
Northern 15.0–59.6 PCR: 0.9–23.5; Culture: 17.0 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [230,231,232,233]
Southern 21.0–24.0 PCR: 7.8 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [234,235,236]
Asia China nf PCR: 10.5–21.5; Culture: 5.8–18.6 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [237]
Japan 8.8 PCR: 4.6; Culture: 2.0–20.0 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [238,239,240]
Korea nf PCR: 41.8–44.1 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [241]
Middle East 1.2–39.5 PCR: 9.4; Culture: 4.3–9.4 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae type I, B. koehlerae [242,243,244,245,246]
Philippines 62.6–68.0 Culture: 61.0 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [247]
Thailand nf Culture: 12.8–50.0 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae types I and II [248]
Australia Eastern 37 PCR: 26.2 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [249]
South New Wales (Sydney) nf Culture and PCR: 35.0 B. henselae [250]
Western and Dirk Hartog and Christmas islands nf PCR: 0–5.2 B. henselae, B. koehlerae [250, 251]
North America Centre 0–45.0 nf nf [252]
East 10.0–85.2 PCR: 0–62.5 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae types I and II, B. koehlerae [243, 252,253,254,255,256,257]
West 0–26.2 PCR: 27.0–27.7; Culture: 32.8 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae types I and II, B. koehlerae [252, 258, 259]
South America Argentina nf PCR: 17.0 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [260]
Brazil 15–68 PCR: 4.5–97.0; Culture: 45.5 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [261,262,263,264]
Chile 5.6–8.0 PCR: 18.1; Culture: 41 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae, B. koehlerae [265, 266]
Galapagos islands 75.0 PCR: 59.0 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [267]
Guatemala nf PCR: 33.8; Culture 8.2 B. clarridgeiae, B. henselae [268]
  1. Abbreviations: PCR polymerase chain reaction, nf not found