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Table 2 Pathogens detected using molecular techniques in ticks collected from dogs in Russia in 2016

From: Dog survey in Russian veterinary hospitals: tick identification and molecular detection of tick-borne pathogens

Genus Species Number (%) PCR positive ticks [95% CI]
I. ricinus (n = 130) I. persulcatus (n = 238) Н. Parva (n = 25) D. marginatus (n = 3) D. reticulatus (n = 404) Rh. sanguineus (n = 112)
Anaplasma A. centrale 0 0 1 (4) [0.1–2.0] 0 0 0
A. phagocytophilum 4 (3.1) [0.9–7.7] 7 (3.0) [1–6] 0 0 1 (0.3) [0.1–2.0] 0
A. marginale 2 (1.5) [0.2–5.5] 0 0 0 0 0
Ehrlichia E. muris 0 9 (3.8) [2–7] 0 0 0 0
E. canis 0 0 0 0 0 1 (0.9) [0–5]
E. ruminantum 1 (0.8) [0–4.2] 0 0 0 0 0
Borrelia B. miyamotoi 4 (3.1) [0.9–7.7] 2 (0.9) [0.1–3.0] 0 0 2 (0.5) [0.1–2.0] 0
B. afzelii 9 (6.9) [3.2–12.7] 14 (5.9) [3–10] 0 0 0 0
B. garinii 6 (4.6) [1.7–9.8] 35 (14.2) [11–20] 0 0 0 0
Babesia B. canis 5 (3.85) [1.3–8.8] 4 (1.69) [1–4] 0 2 (66.7) [9–99] 82 (20.3) [17–25] 0
B. microti 0 2 (0.9) [0–3] 0 0 0 0
B. venatorum 0 1 (0.4) [0–2.4] 0 0 1 (0.25) [0.6–2.0] 0
B. divergens 0 1 (0.4) [0–2] 0 0 0 0
B. crassa 0 0 1 (4) [0.1–20] 0 0 0
B. vogeli 0 0 0 0 0 1 (0.9) [0–4.8]
Theileria T. cervi 0 1 (0.4) [0–2.4] 0 0 0 0
Total   31 (23.9) [17–32] 76 (32.2) [26–39] 2 (8) [0.1–2.7] 2 (66.7) [0.9–9.9] 86 (21.3) [17–25] 2 (1.8) [0.2–6.0]