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Table 6 Reported occurrence of bovine cysticercosis in southern and eastern Africa: meat inspection studies

From: Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in southern and eastern Africa

Country Period Animals tested Animals positive Prevalence (%)
(95% CI)
Reference
Botswana 1995 na na na (9.1–12.6) [80]
Ethiopia 9/2004-8/2005 11,227 842 7.5 (7.0–8.0) [81]
Ethiopia 9/2005-2/2007 4456 824 18.5 (17.4–19.7) [82]
Ethiopia 10/2005-4/2006 400 105 26.3 (22.0–30.9) [83]
Ethiopia 12/2006-7/2007 3711 308 8.3 (7.4–9.2) [34]
Ethiopia 10/2007-3/2008 512 15 2.9 (1.6–4.8) [84]
Ethiopia 11/2007-4/2008 415 47 11.3 (8.4–14.8) [45]
Ethiopia 12/2007-2/2008 1023 74 7.2 (5.7–9.0) [57]
Ethiopia 11/2008-3/2009 500 22 4.4 (2.8–6.6) [46]
Ethiopia 10/2009-9/2010 898 177 19.7 (17.2–22.5) [16]
Ethiopia 11/2009-3/2011 400 48 12 (9.0–15.6) [47]
Ethiopia 2010 12,708 669 5.3 (4.9–5.7) [37]
Ethiopia 9/2010-9/2012 3055 126 organs na [35]
Ethiopia 2011 34,674 3259 9.4 (9.1–9.7) [37]
Ethiopia 2012 10,363 803 7.7 (7.2–8.3) [37]
Ethiopia 10/2012-4/2013 745 21 organs na [35]
Ethiopia 2013 5172 247 4.8 (4.2–5.4) [37]
Ethiopia 11/2013-4/2014 384 10 2.6 (1.3–4.7) [15]
Ethiopia 11/2013-5/2014 3675 40 organs na [36]
Ethiopia 05/2014-6/2014 439 23 5.2 (3.3–7.8) [85]
Ethiopia 12/2014-4/2015 384 10 2.6 (1.3–4.7) [49]
Ethiopia na 522 39 7.4 (5.4–10.1) [33]
Ethiopia na 1022 64 6.3 (4.9–7.9) [17]
Ethiopia na 1216 na 4.6 (na) [48]
Kenya 1974 77,810 6784 8.8 (8.5–8.9) [86]
Kenya 1975–1978 na na < 6.0 (na) [86]
Kenya 1979–1983 na na < 4.0 (na) [86]
Kenya 1984 na na 1.8 (na) [86]
Kenya 1985–1990 na na < 2.0 (na) [86]
Kenya 1991 315,801 3457 1.1 (1.06–1.13) [86]
Kenya 9/2006-1/2007 188 6 3.2 (1.2–6.8) [87]
Kenya na 511 39 7.6 (5.5–10.3) [88]
Kenya na 1184 189 16.0 (13.9–18.2) [32]
Namibia 2000 12,204 973 8.0 (7.5–8.5) [89]
Namibia 2001 7888 713 9.0 (8.4–9.7) [89]
Namibia 2002 10,561 798 7.6 (7.1–8.1) [89]
Namibia 2003 4411 347 7.9 (7.1–8.7) [89]
Namibia 2004 5309 401 7.6 (6.9–8.3) [89]
Namibia 2006 7085 435 6.1 (5.6–6.7) [89]
Namibia 2006 71,388 243 0.34 (0.30–0.39) [89]
South Africa 2009–2011 1,022,556 24,443 2.39 (2.36–2.42) [90]
South Africa 2010 356,006 2169 0.61 (0.58–0.64) [91]
South Africa 2011 349,458 2389 0.68 (0.66–071) [91]
South Africa 2012 348,309 1980 0.57 (0.54–0.59) [91]
South Africa 2013 361,232 3382 0.94 (0.91–0.97) [91]
Tanzania 1987–1989 42,434 na 16.4 (na) [92]
Tanzania 1/2002-4/2004 12,444 185 1.5 (1.3–1.7) [93]
Tanzania 2005 na 19 0.06 (na) [94]
Tanzania 2006 na 24 0.06 (na) [94]
Tanzania 2007 na 16 0.04 (na) [94]
Tanzania 2010 27,444 20 organs na [30]
Tanzania 2/2010-1/2011 30,713 18 organs na [95]
Tanzania 2011 30,671 0 organs na [30]
Tanzania 2012 27,865 6 organs na [30]
Tanzania 12/2013 2438 1 and 0.1% organs na [30]
Tanzania na na 21 na [96]
Zambia 2000 4629 1 0.02 (0.0005–0.12) [31]
Zambia 2001 9422 0 0 (0–0.04) [31]
Zambia 2002 10,147 2 0.02 (0.002–0.07) [31]
Zambia 2003 11,519 2 0.02 (0.002–0.06) [31]
Zimbabwe 1/2006-12/2007 86,080 1364 1.6 (1.5–1.7) [97]
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; na, not available