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Table 1 Haplotype characteristics and levels of intra- and interspecific diversity of reference DNA sequences

From: DNA barcoding and molecular identification of field-collected Culicoides larvae in the Niayes area of Senegal

Taxon n n hap Intraspecific H Interspecific
C. austeni 1 1 0.2
C. bolitinos 13 9 0–0.006 (0.001) 0.91 0.075–0.087 (0.077)
C. brucei 3 3 0.002–0.018 (0.007) 1 0.134–0.145 (0.141)
C. candolfii 2 1 0 0 0.188
C. distinctipennis 7 5 0–0.043 (0.012) 0.904 0.124–0.132 (0.128)
C. dubitatus 3 2 0–0.002 (0.001) 0.666 0.156–0.159 (0.157)
C. enderleini 21 20 0.002–0.05 (0.01) 0.995 0.104–0.12 (0.109)
C. engubandei 2 1 0 0 0.148
C. grahamii 3 3 0.022–0.031 (0.025) 1 0.166–0.180 (0.171)
C. gulbenkiani 3 3 0.004–0.009 (0.006) 1 0.161
C. imicola 17 13 0–0.004 (0.002) 0.963 0.101–0.114 (0.107)
C. isioloensis 2 2 0.002 1 0.163–0.166 (0.164)
C. kanagai 1 1 0.174
C. kibatiensis 1 1 0.153
C. kingi 7 6 0.004–0.009 (0.005) 0.952 0.092–0.097 (0.094)
C. kwagga 2 1 0 0 0.099
C. leucostictus 3 3 0.004–0.011 (0.007) 1 0.124–0.127 (0.126)
C. loxodontis 2 2 0.006 1 0.101–0.109 (0.105)
C. macintoshi 3 3 0.004 1 0.153–0.156 (0.155)
C. magnus 6 3 0–0.007 (0.002) 0.6 0.134–0.142 (0.136)
C. milnei 1 1 0.169
C. miombo 13 4 0–0.002 (0.0005) 0.423 0.114–0.116 (0.114)
C. moreli 6 5 0.004–0.006 (0.003) 0.933 0.193–0.199 (0.195)
C. murphyi 15 6 0–0.002 (0.0004) 0.79 0.142–0.147 (0.144)
C. neavei 2 2 0.099 1 0.161–0.169 (0.165)
C. nevilli 9 9 0.011–0.013 (0.012) 1 0.045–0.164 (0.052)
C. nivosus 5 4 0–0.064 (0.016) 0.9 0.160–0.164 (0.162)
C. ovalis 1 1 0.175
C. oxystoma 14 12 0–0.022 (0.005) 0.978 0.082–0.104 (0.088)
C. pseudopallidipennis 13 8 0–0.009 (0.001) 0.935 0.063–0.072 (0.068)
C. pycnostictus 2 2 0.009 1 0.153–0.156 (0.154)
C. ravus 3 2 0–0.033 (0.011) 0.666 0.132–0.137 (0.135)
C. schultzei 2 2 0.018 1 0.087–0.094 (0.09)
C. similis 7 4 0–0.107 (0.017) 0.809 0.132–0.164 (0.152)
Culicoides sp. #20a 6 5 0–0.004 (0.002) 0.933 0.137–0.145 (0.141)
Culicoides sp. #22a 5 1 0 0 0.101
Culicoides sp. #54a 1 1 0.166
C. subschultzei 6 6 0.004–0.011 (0.006) 1 0.045–0.049 (0.047)
C. tororoensis 2 1 0 0 0.163
C. tropicalis 3 2 0–0.013 (0.004) 0.666 0.127
C. tuttifrutti 4 3 0–0.011 (0.003) 0.833 0.063–0.075 (0.071)
C. zuluensis 8 6 0–0.015 (0.004) 0.928 0.169–0.201 (0.185)
  1. aCulicoides sp. #20, Culicoides sp. #22 and Culicoides sp. #54 are putative new species whose status needs still to be clarified in future taxonomic studies [18]
  2. Abbreviations: n number of cox1 sequences, nhap number of cox1 haplotypes; Intraspecific, range of genetic divergence within taxa (mean), H haplotype diversity values; Interspecific, range of genetic divergence between taxa (mean)