Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Description of the insecticides used for the larval bioassays and the semi-field test

From: Alternative insecticides for larval control of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in Lao PDR: insecticide resistance and semi-field trial study

Insecticide Class group Mode of action Larval bioassay, active ingredient (%) Formulation use for the simulated test (Dose)
Temephos Organophosphate Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor 95.6 Granules (1 mg/l)
Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis strain H14 Bacterial larvicide Cell membrane destruction 37.4 (3000 ITU/mg) Water dispersible granules (8 mg/l)
Diflubenzuron Insect growth regulator Chitin biosynthesis inhibitor 98.1 Tablets (0.25 mg/l)
Pyriproxyfen Insect growth regulator Juvenile hormone mimics 99.10 Not tested
Spinosad Naturalyte Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors 97.6 Not tested