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Table 1 Phlebotomine species compositions at three sampling sites surveyed during four 12-day field expeditions in Oiapoque, Amapá, Brazil (2015–2016). Species found infected by flagellates are shown in bold, with the number of specimens found infected with flagellates in parentheses

From: Ecological aspects of Phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) and the transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis agents in an Amazonian/ Guianan bordering area

No. Species I II III Total   SIR
♀♀ ♂♂ ♀♀ ♂♂ ♀♀ ♂♂ N %
1 Nyssomyia umbratilis (28) 482 (19) 426 725 (8) 479 355 (1) 237 2704 29.65 1.79
2 Trichopygomyia trichopyga 456 522 128 124 655 714 2599 28.50
3 Evandromyia infraspinosa (3) 344 (2) 352 233 (1) 122 255 186 1492 16.36 0.36
4 Trichophoromyia ininii 172 158 27 34 13 24 428 4.69
5 Psathyromyia aragaoi 108 121 16 9 39 47 340 3.73
6 Psyshodopygus maripaensis 68 11 130 9 2 220 2.41
7 Sciopemyia sordellii (1) 24 (1) 14 18 19 45 15 135 1.48 1.14
8 Micropygomyia rorotaensis 67 36 6 3 19 2 133 1.46
9 Psyshodopygus ayrozai 59 25 29 15 4 132 1.45
10 Bichromomyia flaviscutellata 69 30 1 3 7 1 111 1.22
11 Nyssomyia anduzei 4 1 4 64 18 91 1.00
12 Evandromyia williamsi 17 5 7 36 5 1 71 0.78
13 Evandromyia brachyphalla 41 14 5 4 5 69 0.76
14 Viannamyia furcata (2) 17 (1) 10 18 (1) 11 11 1 68 0.75 4.34
15 Viannamyia tuberculata 19 3 26 3 5 56 0.61
16/17 Pressatia choti/ Pr. trispinosa 12 8/21 8 –/1 2 –/1 53 0.58
18 Evandromyia sp. of Baduel 11 19 8 10 48 0.53
19 Nyssomyia pajoti 9 2 3 15 8 37 0.41
20 Sciopemyia fluviatilis (2) 4 (2) 16 4 3 4 31 0.34 16.6
21 Psathyromyia inflata 8 13 4 6 31 0.34
22 Lutzomyia spathotrichia 2 1 17 11 31 0.34
23 Evandromyia monstruosa 13 3 10 2 2 30 0.33
24 Migonemyia migonei (2) 14 (2) 8 1 3 1 27 0.30 11.1
25 Psyshodopygus hirsutus 6 2 8 6 2 1 25 0.27
26 Pintomyia damascenoi (1) 4 (1) 7 6 2 19 0.21
27 Psyshodopygus davisi 4 4 1 2 4 15 0.16
28 Psathyromyia dendrophyla (1) 3 (1) 4 3 1 4 15 0.16 10
29 Psychodopygus claustrei 4 7 2 1 14 0.15
30 Pschodopygus corrosoniensis 3 1 8 2 14 0.15
31 Psathyromyia bigeniculata 4 1 5 1 1 1 13 0.14
32 Psathyromyia dreisbachi 9 4 13 0.14
33 Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis 5 8 13 0.14
34/35 Brumptomuyia travassosi/Br. pentacantha 4 1/1 1 2 2/– 7 0.07
36 Psyschodopygus amazonensis 2 2 1 5 0.05
37 Psychodopygus paraensis 3 1 4 0.04
38 Psathyromyia punctigeniculata 3 1 4 0.04
39 Trichopygomyia dasypodogeton 3 3 0.03
40 Pintomyia pacae 1 1 2 0.02
41 Pintomyia serrana 1 1 2 0.02
42 Psathyromyia lutziana 2 2 0.02
43 Psathyromyia abonnenci 1 1 2 0.02
44 Psathyromyia barrettoi barrettoi 1 1 2 0.02
45 Evandromyia begonae 1 1 0.01
46 Micropygomyia (Pilosa Series) 1 1 0.01
47 Psychodopygus bispinosus 1 1 0.01
48 Psychodopygus carrerai 1 1 0.01
  Total 2064 1841 1457 920 1552 1,285 9119 100.00
3905 2377 2837 0.78
  Taxa (S) 40 33 38
  Shannon’s Ha 2.251 1.857 1.662
  1. Abbreviations: I Vila Vitória Road, II Highway BR156-Km6, III Clevelândia do Norte Road, ♀♀ females, ♂♂ males, SIR species infection rate (flagellates), n/n number of males, while indistinguishable females, N total number
  2. aThe t-test for diversity was significant for all comparisons between sample sites (t(3) = 11.1, P = 0.008)