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Table 2 Prevalence of pathogens in ticks collected from farm dogs in three districts of Pakistan

From: Low genetic diversity of Ehrlichia canis associated with high co-infection rates in Rhipicephalus sanguineus (s.l.)

Pathogen Kasur (n) Muzaffargarh (n) Rawalpindi (n) Total (n) %
Single infections
R. massiliae 25 21 11 57 24.3
E. canis 6 1 23 30 12.8
Coxiella-like 0 0 0 0 0
B. canis 0 0 0 0 0
A. platys 0 2 0 2 0.9
A. phagocytophilum 4 0 0 4 1.7
A. ovis 0 0 0 0 0
A. marginale 1 0 1 2 0.9
A. centrale 0 0 0 0 0
Double co-infections  
R. massiliae + E. canis 8 38 16 62 26.4
R. massiliae + Coxiella-like 0 2 0 2 0.9
R. massiliae + A. marginale 3 0 0 3 1.3
R. massiliae + A. phagocytophilum 5 0 0 5 2.1
E. canis + B. canis 3 0 0 3 1.3
R. massiliae + A. centrale 3 0 1 4 1.7
R. massiliae + B. canis 2 0 0 2 0.9
R. massiliae + A. platys 2 0 0 2 0.9
E. canis + A. phagocytophilum 1 0 1 2 0.9
E. canis + A. centrale 0 0 1 1 0.4
R. massiliae + A. ovis 0 0 1 1 0.4
Triple co-infections
R. massiliae + E. canis + Coxiella-like 1 6 2 9 3.8
R. massiliae + E. canis + A. marginale 1 0 3 4 1.7
R. massiliae + E. canis + B. canis 0 3 0 3 1.3
R. massiliae + E. canis + A. phagocytophilum 1 1 0 2 0.9
R. massiliae + E. canis + . platys 2 0 0 2 0.9
R. massiliae + E. canis + A. ovis 0 0 0 0 0
R. massiliae + E. canis + A. centrale 0 0 1 1 0.4
E. canis + A. centrale + Coxiella-like 0 0 1 1 0.4