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Table 4 Household and livelihood characteristics and their association with the presence or absence of intestinal parasites

From: Prevalence of intestinal parasites and the absence of soil-transmitted helminths in Añatuya, Santiago del Estero, Argentina

Characteristics (risk factor = 1) Presence of IP (n = 106) Absence of IP (n = 364) OR (95% CI) P-value
Animal farming     
 Yes (1) 65 (61.7) 250 (68.6) 0.723 (0.461–1.133) 0.157
 No 41 (38.3) 114 (31.4)
Informal slaughter     
 Yes (1) 48 (45.8) 226 (62.0) 0.505 (0.326–0.782) 0.002
 No 58 (54.2) 138 (38.0)
Kitchen garden     
 Yes (1) 11 (10.3) 38 (10.5) 0.993 (0.489–2.018) 0.985
 No 95 (89.7) 326 (89.5)
Unimproved roof (1) 83 (78.5) 298 (81.8) 0.799 (0.469–1.362) 0.410
Improved roof 23 (21.5) 66 (18.2)
Unimproved walls (1) 63 (59.8) 254 (69.7) 0.635 (0.406–0.993) 0.046
Improved walls 43 (40.2) 110 (30.3)
Unimproved floor (1) 40 (38.3) 184 (50.4) 0.593 (0.381–0.924) 0.021
Improved floor 66 (61.7) 180 (49.6)
Unimproved water source (1) 60 (56.1) 217 (59.8) 0.884 (0.571–1.369) 0.579
Improved water source 46 (43.9) 147 (40.2)
Unimproved latrine (1) 85 (80.4) 287 (78.8) 1.086 (0.633–1.863) 0.765
Improved latrine 21 (19.6) 77 (21.2)
Electricity network as main energy source     
 No (1) 66 (62.3) 262 (72.0) 0.642 (0.408–1.012) 0.056
 yes 40 (37.7) 102 (28.0)
Overcrowdinga     
 Yes (1) 83 (78.3) 264 (72.5) 1.367 (0.816–2.290) 0.235
 No 23 (21.7) 100 (27.5)
  1. aOvercrowding, households with 5 or more inhabitants per house
  2. Significant P-values set at < 0.05
  3. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, IP intestinal parasites, OR odds ratio
  4. All values are n (%). Reference group marked as OR = 1