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Table 2 Mean numbers and standard deviation (SD) of field-collected Culicoides imicola females to emerge over a period of 60 minutes from holding boxes kept at various temperature and 60% humidity level

From: The influence of temperature and humidity on the flight activity of Culicoides imicola both under laboratory and field conditions

Set T (°C) Mean T (SD) Mean RH (SD) No. of replicates (no of individuals)* Total no. emerged (%) Mean (SD)
10 9.9 (0.85) 62.3 (1.57) 8 (4000) 18 (0.5) 2.3 (3.96)a
13 12.9 (1.08) 56.5 (2.78) 8 (4000) 153 (3.8) 19.1 (29.46)a
17 16.9 (0.83) 57.5 (5.04) 8 (4000) 1081 (27.0) 135.1 (44.64)b
20 19.8 (0.89) 54.0 (6.99) 8 (4000) 1045 (26.1) 130.6 (35.42)b
24 23.9 (1.06) 53.5 (9.11) 10 (5000) 906 (18.1) 90.6 (45.06)c
29 28.9 (0.80) 49.8 (11.22) 8 (4000) 600 (15.0) 75 (30.74)c
  1. Numbers per row followed by a different letter were significantly different at the 5% level
  2. Abbreviations: RH relative humidity, T temperature
  3. *Each replicate consists of 500 individuals