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Table 4 Number of positive tests for vector-borne infections in dogs imported to Germany

From: Retrospective evaluation of vector-borne infections in dogs imported from the Mediterranean region and southeastern Europe (2007–2015)

Infectious agent/test No. of dogs tested positive/total (%) Direct tests (positive/total) Indirect tests (positive/total)
Ehrlichia canis 45/278 (16) 8/68a 43/257b
Anaplasma platys 1/21 (5) 1/21a
Leishmania infantum 66/314 (21) 20/79a 57/276b; 6/32c
Babesia spp. 3/98 (3) 3/98a,d
Babesia canis e 22/213 (10) 20/187b; 2/27c
Babesia gibsoni 0/13 (0) 0/13b
Hepatozoon canis 3/28 (11) 3/28a
Babesia spp./Hepatozoon spp. 0/8 (0) 0/8a
Dirofilaria immitis 8/156 (5) 8/156f
Microfilariae 5/23 (22) 5/23a
Modified Knott’s test 7/95 (7) 7/95
Total 122/345 (35) 55/576 (10%) 128/792 (16%)
  1. aPolymerase chain reaction
  2. bImmunofluorescence antibody test
  3. cAntibody enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay
  4. d2/3 positive PCR-tests were differentiated as B. canis, 1/3 was not differentiated
  5. eSerological cross-reactions between B. canis und B. vogeli possible
  6. fAntigen enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay