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Table 5 Prevalences of vector-borne infections in selected retrospective studies in imported dogs in Germany (positive results/number of tested dogs)

From: Retrospective evaluation of vector-borne infections in dogs imported from the Mediterranean region and southeastern Europe (2007–2015)

Infectious agent Detection methods Röhrig et al. [18]a Menn et al. [20]b
Period   2004–2008 2004–2009
Ehrlichia canis Direct 5.3 (3/57)
Indirect 10.8 (299/2763) 10.1 (492/4308)
Hepatozoon canis Direct 1.1 (26/2289) 2.2 (133/4548)
Anaplasma phagocytophilum Direct 5.0 (9/179)
Indirect 29.8 (130/436) 22.4 (332/1481)
Babesia canis Direct 0.5 (5/2289)
Indirect 8.9 (251/2819) 24.3 (1138/3507)
Leishmania infantum Direct 14.9 (14/94)
Indirect 9.6 (292/3049) 12.2 (569/3682)
Dirofilaria immitis Direct 3 (68/2223)
Knott’s test Direct 6.4 (108/1685) 7.7 (372/4309)
Prevalence Positive dogs – (–/3531) 43.7 (2044/4681)
  1. aImported dogs (94% from Mediterranean countries in Europe)
  2. bProportion of dogs with holiday stays abroad (n = 87, 1.8%) and number of dogs without anamnesis (n = 368, 7.9%)