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Table 3 Molecular detection of B. burgdorferi (s.l.) in immature stages of I. ricinus and in the associated reptile host species

From: Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) in ectoparasites and reptiles in southern Italy

Host species No. of infested individuals No. of ticks tested No. of positive hosts/ ticks Hosts with B. burgdorferi (s.l.)-infected ticks (95% CI) (%) Ticks infected with B. burgdorferi (s.l.) (95% CI) (%)
Larvae Nymphs Larvae Nymphs
E. quatuorlineata 1 8 0/0 0 na 0 na
P. siculus 102 180 14/23 11.9
(3.9–25.6)
31.7
(20.2–44.9)
5.0
(1.64–11.2)
23.7
(14.9–34.5)
P. muralis 12 26 0/2 0 33.3
(4.3–77.7)
0 20.0
(2.5–55.6)
L. bilineata 5 36 0/3 0 60.0
(14.6–94.7)
0 15.0
(3.2–37.9)
  1. Abbreviation: na not applicable