Skip to main content

Table 5 Univariate analysis of factors leading to CanL from longitudinal study

From: Comorbid infections induce progression of visceral leishmaniasis

Variable Leish+
(n = 16)
Leish-
(n = 195)
RR P-value
Age, % ≤ 6 years old 62.50 87.69 3.62 0.0055
Sex, % male 43.75 51.79 0.7418 0.5360
Tick serology-historical exposure    3.388 0.0381
 2 or more 41.67 15.87   
 less than 2 58.33 84.13   
Treatment group 50.00 51.31 0.9519 >0.9999
Placebo vs vaccine 50.00 48.69   
  1. Abbreviations: CanL, canine leishmaniosis. Leish+, showing 2 or more clinical signs of canine leishmaniasis; Leish-, showing less than two clinical signs of canine leishmaniasis or negative for L. infantum via qPCR or DPP®CVL assay; RR, unadjusted relative risk