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Table 6 More exposure to multiple tick-borne diseases leads to worse CanL. Multiple logistic regression with outcome defined as polysymptomatic leishmaniosis; dogs diagnostically positive for Leishmania infantum with three or more specific signs for leishmaniosis

From: Comorbid infections induce progression of visceral leishmaniasis

Variable Adjusted relative risk 95% CI P-value
Age
≤ 6 years-old vs older 8.50 2.22–32.51 0.0018
Region
Mid-west vs other 11.78 1.79–77.57 0.010
Serology (no. of tick-borne dz)
 1 vs 0 1.49 0.29–7.79 0.630
 2 vs 0 1.44 0.25–8.40 0.690
 3 vs 0 11.65 1.22–110.99 0.033
 3 vs 1 7.69 1.39–43.48 0.020
 3 vs 2 8.33 1.01–66.67 0.049
 2 vs 1 1.04 0.27–3.96 0.950
  1. Notes: Explanatory variables controlled for in the model were age, region, tick serological status (positive vs negative), sex and vaccine status. Only significant variables are shown
  2. Abbreviations: CanL, canine leishmaniosis; CI, confidence interval; dz, disease