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Table 3 Summary of successful studies on non-captive wildlife with a post-treatment monitoring period

From: The treatment of sarcoptic mange in wildlife: a systematic review

Treated species and reference No. of animals treated Severitya Treatmentb Duration of post-treatment monitoring
Drug(s) administered Dose & delivery method No. of doses Treatment interval between doses
Southern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus latrifrons), Ruykys et al. (2013) [24] 3/5 (i.e. free-roaming wombats in the study) Mild or severe Ivermectin 200 µg/kg SC 1 na 10–14 weeks, depending on the animal
Cheetah (Actinonyx jubatus) and others, Gakuya et al. (2012) [17] Unknown Mild to severe Ivermectin 200 µg/kg SC 1 na 30–74 weeks, depending on the animal
Wild boar (Sus scrofa), Rajkovic-Janje (2004) [31] 750 Unreported Ivermectin 100 µg/kg PO 7 1 day 4 weeks
Bare-nosed wombat (Vombatus ursinus), Skerratt et al. (2004) [29] 5 Mild to moderate a) Ivermectin;
b) Amitraz
a) 400–800 µg/kg SC;
b) 0.025% topical wash
a) 2;
b) 1
a) 28 days;
b) na
1 week
1/5 (i.e. one retreated) Ivermectin 800 µg/kg SC injection 2 10 days 11 weeks
Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), Kalema-Zikusoka et al. (2002) [9] 3 Moderate to severe a) Ivermectin;
b) Long-acting streptopenicillin;
c) Oxytetracycline spray;
d) Ferrum 10% + vitamin B12
a) 170–670 µg/kg IM;
b) 16.7 mg/kg IM;
c) 5.4% topical spray to 50% of the body;
d) 0.5 ml IM
1 na 52 weeks
Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus), Chhangani et al. (2001) [30] 30 (i.e. all clinically diseased langurs) Moderate a) Tebrub;
b) Mebhydrolin
a) 250 mg PO;
b) 25 mg PO
a) 30;
b) 30
a) 1 day;
b) 1 day
9 weeks
5/30 (i.e. langurs that failed to recover with oral treatment) Moderate a) Ivermectin;
b) Deltamethrin;
c) Chlorpheniramine maleate;
d) D.N.S infusion
a) 1 mg/kg SC;
b) 2 ml topical spray;
c) 10 mg SC;
d) 1 l IV
1 na
  1. aSeverity of mange prior to treatment
  2. bAlphabetized bullet points indicate different medications delivered concurrently
  3. Abbreviation: na, not applicable