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Table 3 Association between the presence of antibodies to Phlebotomus perniciosus saliva and a serological and/or molecular positive result for Leishmania

From: Antibody response to Phlebotomus perniciosus saliva in cats naturally exposed to phlebotomine sand flies is positively associated with Leishmania infection

Variable/categories Antibodies to Leishmania and/or parasite DNA
Tested cats, n (%) Positive cats, n (%) Chi-square test Simple logistic regression model
95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value
Phlebotomus perniciosus saliva 350    0.022 (χ2 = 5.212, df = 1)    
 Seronegativea 183 (52.3) 8 (4.4) 2.2–8.4     
 Seropositive 167 (47.7) 18 (10.8) 6.9–16.4   2.64 1.12–6.25 0.027 (\(\chi^{ 2}_{\text{Wald}}\) = 4.893, df = 1)
  1. aReference category
  2. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio