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Table 2 Domicile construction characteristics, household socio-demographic characteristics and improved access to water and sanitation by ethnic group in Area III of Pampa del Indio, Chaco, Argentina, in 2008 and 2012–2015

From: Inequalities in the social determinants of health and Chagas disease transmission risk in indigenous and creole households in the Argentine Chaco

Household-level factors % of households (number of households)
Qom Creole
2008 2012–2015 2008 2012–2015
Domicile characteristics
 High housing qualitya 21 (337) 32 (447) 58 (51) 71.9 (64)
 High refuge availability for T. infestans 70 (337) 76.5 (414) 43.1 (51) 56.6 (53)
 Small domestic area (< 30 m2) 43.8 (292) 56.4 (385) 30.4 (46) 32.1 (56)
Household socio-demographic characteristics
 Critical overcrowdingb 56.3 (231) 59.7 (367) 22.2 (45) 13.0 (54)
 Low educational levelc 58.0 (250) 59.9 (442) 43.5 (46) 45.3 (64)
Household economic activity and income
 Agriculture or animal husbandry nr 79.8 (362) nr 92.2 (51)
 High goat-equivalent indexd 12.2 (337) 9.4 (447) 59.2 (49) 57.8 (64)
 At least one salaried employee nr 14.1 (371) nr 15.4 (51)
 At least one welfare support nr 77.6 (371) nr 59.6 (51)
 No source of income or economic activity nr 6.6 (362) nr 3.9 (51)
Assets
 Television nr 61.5 (371) nr 73.1 (52)
 Fridge nr 32.3 (371) nr 53.8 (52)
 Freezer nr 26.4 (371) nr 57.7 (52)
 Radio nr 53.1 (371) nr 78.5 (52)
 Cell phone nr 51.7 (371) nr 73.1 (52)
 Bicycle nr 43.4 (371) nr 40.4 (52)
 Motorcycle nr 50.7 (371) nr 61.5 (52)
 Automobile nr 2.2 (371) nr 26.9 (52)
Sanitation services
 Pour-flush latrinee nr 34.3 (350) nr 56 (50)
 Pit latrine nr 54.9 (350) nr 10.9 (50)
 No sanitation facilities nr 10.9 (350) nr 8 (50)
Drinking-water supply
 Piped drinking waterf nr 56.5 (368) nr 21.6 (51)
 Tanker truck water nr 27.1 (368) nr 35.3 (51)
 Dug wellf nr 9.8 (368) nr 35.3 (51)
 Boreholef nr 6.5 (368) nr 7.8 (51)
Fuel used for cooking
 Solid fuels in open fire or leaky stove nr 44.7 (367) nr 21.6 (51)
 Natural gas nr 33.2 (367) nr 66.7 (51)
 Both nr 22.1 (367) nr 11.8 (51)
  1. aBrick walls, tin roofs and cement floors
  2. b≥ 3 persons per sleeping quarter
  3. c≤ 6 schooling years among household residents > 15 y.o
  4. d> 30 goat-equivalents
  5. eImproved sanitation facility
  6. fImproved water source
  7. Abbreviation: nr, not recorded