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Table 2 Effect of water types and feed regime on life history stages

From: Effect of water source and feed regime on development and phenotypic quality in Anopheles gambiae (s.l.): prospects for improved mass-rearing techniques towards release programmes

Strain Water type Feed regime % Larval survival % Pupal survival % Pupal mortality % Adult emergence
Mopti
(An. coluzzii)
Total Total 82 (79–85)
600
  4 (3–7)
600
78 (74–81)
600
Deionised Solution 77 (68–84)
100
96 (89–99)
77
3 (1–8)
100
74 (65–82)
100
Powder 79 (70–86)
100
97 (91–99)
79
2 (1–7)
100
77 (68–84)
100
Mixed Solution 82 (73–88)
100
93 (85–97)
82
6 (3–12)
100
76 (67–83)
100
Powder 85 (77–91)
100
94 (87–97)
85
5 (2–11)
100
80 (71–87)
100
Mineral Solution 84 (76–90)
100
90 (82–95)
84
8 (4–15)
100
76 (67–83)
100
Powder 87 (79–92)
100
95 (89–98)
87
4 (2–10)
100
83 (74–89)
100
Total Total 94 (92–96)
600
  10 (8–12)
600
84 (81–87)
600
Kisumu
(An. gambiae)
Deionised Solution 96 (90–98)
100
89 (81–93)
96
11 (6–19)
100
85 (77–91)
100
Powder 89 (81–94)
100
85 (77–91)
89
13 (8–21)
100
76 (67–83)
100
Mixed Solution 96 (90–98)
100
97 (91–99)
96
3 (1–8)
100
93 (86–97)
100
Powder 90 (83–94)
100
83 (74–90)
90
15 (9–23)
100
75 (66–82)
100
Mineral Solution 98 (93–99)
100
93 (86–96)
98
7 (3–14)
100
91 (84–95)
100
Powder 97 (92–99)
100
90 (82–94)
97
10 (6–17)
100
87 (79–92)
100
Total Total 77 (73–80)
600
  3 (2–5)
600
74 (70–77)
600
VK3
(An. coluzzii)
Deionised Solution 69 (59–77)
100
97 (90–99)
69
2 (1–7)
100
67 (57–75)
100
Powder 82 (73–88)
100
95 (88– 98)
82
4 (2–10)
100
78 (69–85)
100
Mixed Solution 87 (79–92)
100
98 (92–99)
87
2 (1–7)
100
85 (77–91)
100
Powder 79 (70–86)
100
95 (88–98)
79
4 (2–10)
100
74 (64–82)
100
Mineral Solution 72 (63–80)
100
96 (88–99)
72
3 (1–8)
100
69 (59–77)
100
Powder 72 (63–80)
100
94 (87–98)
72
4 (2–10)
100
68 (58–76)
100
  1. Notes: Ninety-five percent confidence intervals are in parentheses and sample sizes are italicized. Larval survival, pupal mortality and emergence rates are calculated out of an initial number of 100 larvae (per treatment) and 600 larvae in total, and pupal survival is calculated out of a variable number of surviving larvae at pupation