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Table 2 Effect of water types and feed regime on life history stages

From: Effect of water source and feed regime on development and phenotypic quality in Anopheles gambiae (s.l.): prospects for improved mass-rearing techniques towards release programmes

Strain Water type Feed regime % Larval survival % Pupal survival % Pupal mortality % Adult emergence
Mopti (An. coluzzii) Total Total 82 (79–85) 600   4 (3–7) 600 78 (74–81) 600
Deionised Solution 77 (68–84) 100 96 (89–99) 77 3 (1–8) 100 74 (65–82) 100
Powder 79 (70–86) 100 97 (91–99) 79 2 (1–7) 100 77 (68–84) 100
Mixed Solution 82 (73–88) 100 93 (85–97) 82 6 (3–12) 100 76 (67–83) 100
Powder 85 (77–91) 100 94 (87–97) 85 5 (2–11) 100 80 (71–87) 100
Mineral Solution 84 (76–90) 100 90 (82–95) 84 8 (4–15) 100 76 (67–83) 100
Powder 87 (79–92) 100 95 (89–98) 87 4 (2–10) 100 83 (74–89) 100
Total Total 94 (92–96) 600   10 (8–12) 600 84 (81–87) 600
Kisumu (An. gambiae) Deionised Solution 96 (90–98) 100 89 (81–93) 96 11 (6–19) 100 85 (77–91) 100
Powder 89 (81–94) 100 85 (77–91) 89 13 (8–21) 100 76 (67–83) 100
Mixed Solution 96 (90–98) 100 97 (91–99) 96 3 (1–8) 100 93 (86–97) 100
Powder 90 (83–94) 100 83 (74–90) 90 15 (9–23) 100 75 (66–82) 100
Mineral Solution 98 (93–99) 100 93 (86–96) 98 7 (3–14) 100 91 (84–95) 100
Powder 97 (92–99) 100 90 (82–94) 97 10 (6–17) 100 87 (79–92) 100
Total Total 77 (73–80) 600   3 (2–5) 600 74 (70–77) 600
VK3 (An. coluzzii) Deionised Solution 69 (59–77) 100 97 (90–99) 69 2 (1–7) 100 67 (57–75) 100
Powder 82 (73–88) 100 95 (88– 98) 82 4 (2–10) 100 78 (69–85) 100
Mixed Solution 87 (79–92) 100 98 (92–99) 87 2 (1–7) 100 85 (77–91) 100
Powder 79 (70–86) 100 95 (88–98) 79 4 (2–10) 100 74 (64–82) 100
Mineral Solution 72 (63–80) 100 96 (88–99) 72 3 (1–8) 100 69 (59–77) 100
Powder 72 (63–80) 100 94 (87–98) 72 4 (2–10) 100 68 (58–76) 100
  1. Notes: Ninety-five percent confidence intervals are in parentheses and sample sizes are italicized. Larval survival, pupal mortality and emergence rates are calculated out of an initial number of 100 larvae (per treatment) and 600 larvae in total, and pupal survival is calculated out of a variable number of surviving larvae at pupation