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Fig. 5 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 5

From: A combination of metabolic resistance and high frequency of the 1014F kdr mutation is driving pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles coluzzii population from Guinea savanna of Cameroon

Fig. 5

Genetic diversity of fragment of VGSC spanning exon 20 in An. coluzzii. a Sequencing traces showing the polymorphic position for the 1014F kdr mutation. b Haplotype diversity patterns of the 498-bp fragment of VGSC. c TCS and tcsBU haplotype network showing a low polymorphism of exon 20. d Phylogenetic tree analysis of the VGSC fragment. Green dots represent the susceptible haplotypes and the red dots the resistant haplotypes

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