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Table 5 Results of point or pooled prevalence estimates (meta-analysis using random effects model) for triatomine species by specific and non-specific T. cruzi infection in Colombia

From: Heterogeneity of Trypanosoma cruzi infection rates in vectors and animal reservoirs in Colombia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Species Diagnostic subgroup No. of studies Triatomine bugs (n) Triatomine bugs (+) Pooled prevalence (%) 95% CI I2 (%) τ 2 P-value
B. ferroae T. cruzi 1 123 0 0 0–1   
B. herreri T. cruzi 1 44 4 9.09 2–20
C. pilosa Trypanosoma spp. 1 28 2 7.1 0–20
E. cuspidatus T. cruzi 1 16 9 56.3 31–80
P. arthuri Trypanosoma spp. 1 78 0 0 0–2
P. geniculatus T. cruzi 1 85 60 70.6 6–8
Trypanosoma spp. 1 368 10 1.7 0–3
P. rufotuberculatus T. cruzi 1 86 4 4.7 1–10
Trypanosoma spp. 1 74 1 1.3 0–6
R. pallescens T. cruzi 6 317 192 54.0 37–71 86 0.03 <0.01
Trypanosoma spp. 1 66 35 53.0 41–65
R. pictipes T. cruzi 1 10 0 0 0–17
Trypanosoma spp. 1 11 1 9.1 0–35
R. prolixus T. cruzi 10 1173 485 46.0 23–69 98 0.14 <0.01
Trypanosoma spp. 3 850 71 13.0 3–27 95 0.04 <0.01
R. prolixus (domestic) T. cruzi 3 166 61 39.0 4–82 97 0.15 <0.01
Trypanosoma spp. 3 440 44 19.0 1–51 97 0.11 <0.01
R. prolixus (sylvatic) T. cruzi 4 470 321 62.0 38–84 95 0.05 <0.01
Trypanosoma spp. 1 170 13 7.6 4–12
R. prolixus (peridomestic) Trypanosoma spp. 1 10 0 0 0–17
R. prolixus (not specified) T. cruzi 3 526 96 30.0 5–66 98 0.10 <0.01
Trypanosoma spp. 1 220 11 5.0 2–8
T. dimidiata T. cruzi 3 392 92 20.0 8–35 90 0.02 <0.01
Trypanosoma spp. 1 2671 222 25.0 0–74
T. maculata T. cruzi 4 213 145 68.0 62–74 0 0 <0.0001
Trypanosoma spp. 3 129 16 6.0 0–38 94 0.14 <0.01
T. venosa Trypanosoma spp. 1 1115 5 0.004 0–1
Other non-classified triatomines T. cruzi 3 3287 336 27.0 12–46 94 0.04 <0.01
Trypanosoma spp. 1 40 0 0.0 0–4
  1. Notes: T. cruzi: includes all T. cruzi-specific methods (culture, PCR and mice inoculation); T. spp.: includes non-species-specific diagnostic methods (direct observation based on microscopic examination of extruded faeces); +: positive