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Table 3 Trophic preference, human and animal blood indices of the five major malaria vectors

From: Patterns of anopheline feeding/resting behaviour and Plasmodium infections in North Cameroon, 2011–2014: implications for malaria control

Health district Species Hosts (%) HBI
Humans Cattle Sheep Pigs Fowl Mixed H/A Mixed A/A
Garoua An. arabiensis (n = 386) 37.8 11.7 7.0 3.9 0.5 25.4 13.7 0.63
An. coluzzii (n = 159) 44.7 6.9 3.8 3.8 1.8 28.3 10.7 0.73
An. gambiae (s.s.) (n = 73) 61.4 5.5 5.5 2.9 0.0 11.0 13.7 0.73
An. funestus (n = 540) 12.2 18.9 27.0 0.6 0.2 13.3 27.8 0.26
An. rufipes (n = 266) 19.5 15.0 13.5 4.3 0.0 12.0 35.7 0.32
Total (n = 1424) 26.7 14.2 15.4 2.6 0.4 17.9 22.8 0.45
Pitoa An. arabiensis (n = 665) 29.9 14.1 10.8 1.9 0.0 23.0 20.3 0.53
An. coluzzii (n = 113) 39.8 8.0 2.7 0.9 0.0 39.8 8.8 0.80
An. gambiae (s.s.) (n = 57) 52.6 12.3 1.6 0.0 0.0 24.7 8.8 0.77
An. funestus (n = 357) 11.8 7.8 9.2 1.5 0.0 35.0 34.7 0.47
An. rufipes (n = 48) 10.4 12.5 4.2 4.2 0.0 35.4 33.3 0.46
Total (n = 1240) 25.9 11.6 9.0 1.6 0.0 28.5 23.4 0.54
Mayo Oulo An. arabiensis (n = 194) 42.3 7.2 1.0 0.0 0.0 33 16.5 0.75
An. coluzzii (n = 51) 51.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 41.2 7.8 0.92
An. gambiae (s.s.) (n = 30) 60.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 6.7 0.93
An. funestus (n = 56) 12.5 1.75 5.4 1.75 0.0 28.6 50 0.41
An. rufipes (n = 19) 15.8 21.1 10.5 0.0 0.0 21.1 31.5 0.37
Total (n = 350) 15.8 21.1 10.5 0.0 0.0 32.9 20.6 0.72
  1. Abbreviations: n, number of blood meals tested; Mixed H/A, mixed human-animal blood; Mixed A/A, mixed animal-animal blood; HBI, human blood index
  2. Note: Numbers in bold refer to HBI higher than 0.50